Disease is the deviation from normal condition to an abnormal condition brought about by the effect of pathogens or nutritional deficiency.
Two factors can be responsible for disease outbreak in poultry.
of adequate food, water or proper hygiene,
change in climate.
of the entire condition and weight
it happens in egg production birds, there is drastic drop in eggs production.
(vaccination of the mother)
(introduction of a mild causative agent, into a healthy animal to build up
immunity or to act as antibody).
(giving the correct food / needs to the animal)
fungi, protozoa, parasites
- Yolk sac infection
- Fowl cholera
- Fowl typhoid
- Fowl pox
intestine so that the begin to pas bloody stool.
- Fowl pox
- Tape worm (taenia solium)
the ration for the whole birds. For example if they are eating twenty kilograms
of feed, they drink twice of what they eat which means that they will be taking
forty liters of water.
per day and vaccine is not supposed to last for more than hours. Multiply this
by two the hours the vaccination must exceed. The result is the volume of water
in which to put the vaccination. Check for the dose of the vaccine before
putting it into their water and if the dose in meant for 1000 birds and your
stock is 700 birds. To give the vaccine to our birds we firstly input 10cm of
distilled water in our syringe, we now put the syringe into the vaccine, push
in the 10cm of distilled water into the vaccine and then shake to dissolve the
powered vaccine, and then take 7cm of the dissolved vaccine and put it into
not vaccinate sick animals.
the vaccine in refrigerator or in a cool temperature..
not expose it when you are about using it under the sun (use flask)
not use concentrated or treated water.
at least two to three weeks interval before the next vaccination.
and sterilise syringe before usage.
not reuse any open vaccine.
you vaccinate, keep the birds off water for at least three hours before the
time of vaccination.
or bury any unused or left over vaccine
give security dosage i.e. a little addition.
- Newcastle disease vaccine. This is intraocular i.e this vaccine is given in the eye.
- Mark disease, this is intramuscular.
- SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
- NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
- OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
- MISSION STATEMENT
- SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
- PROJECT STATUS & START UP
- WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
- SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
- SECTION II – STUDY AREA
- STUDY AREA
- COMPANY OVERVIEW
- MANAGEMENT TEAM
- DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
- MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
- SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
- DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
- YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
- MARKET OVERVIEW
- MARKET SEGMENTATION
- RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
- KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
- LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
- MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
- SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
- SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
- TARGET CUSTOMERS
- CUSTOMER NEEDS
- MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
- BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
- MARKET SHARE
- SALES FORECASTING
- SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
- DIRECT COMPETITORS
- COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
- SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
- PRODUCTS & SERVICES
- FINISHED PRODUCTS
- PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
- PRODUCTION CAPACITY
- PROMOTIONS PLAN
- DISTRIBUTION PLAN
- SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
- GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
- TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
- PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
- SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
- REVENUE MODEL
- FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
- FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
- FINANCE CHARGES
- FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
- FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
- CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS
- FINANCIAL MODELS
- SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
- BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
- OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
- TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
- FINANCING PLAN
- INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
- BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
- LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
- FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
- CASH FLOW
- BALANCE SHEET
- GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
- BUSINESS RATIOS – PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
- SECTION 3 – APPENDIX
These Feasibility study on poultry farming business (specializing on layers and boilers production), was conducted using projections, impressive publications, compounding interest/values, tables, graph, bar chart, pie chart, profits analysis and cash flow positions in other to give a clear picture of what is obtainable in that location, using eight plots of land, at Esemdiary village, Off Effurun Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria as a case study.
Esemdiary village is a community in Okpe Local Government Area of Delta State with coordinates 05°26’N 5°57’E, which also plays the host community to the Warri Airport, which is actually located at Osubi.
Okpe Local Government is a territory that used to be part of the original Okpe Kingdom, its headquarters is at Orerokpe, with a population of 128,398 people whose primary occupations include commercial farming, fishing, hunting, trading and gas exploration.
After carrying out the feasibility study on Esemdiary village, Off Effurun-Sapele Road, Okpe LGA of Delta state, Nigeria, it was discovered that, farming generally will do well both on crop and animal production.
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