PEPPER PRODUCTION AND OTHER AGRO PRODUCTIONS

http://www.chrisfarmnigeria.com

Introduction

            Pepper
is an important agricultural crop not only because of its economic importance
but also due to the nutritional, medicinal value of its fruits as well as being
excellent source of natural colours and antioxidant compounds (Howard et al.,
2000). It is the world’s second important vegetable, ranking after tomatoes and
it is the most produced type of spice flavouring and colouring for food while
providing essential vitamins and minerals. The nutritional value of pepper
merits special attention. It is a rich source of vitamins A and E. Both hot and
sweet pepper contains more vitamin C to prevent flu colds than any other vegetable
crop (Bosland and Votava, 2000). In many household, pepper provides the only
needed flavor to enhance intake of otherwise blend diets.  Rubatzky and yonaguchi 1997 pointed out, in
addition to the use of pepper as food that pepper is used for cosmetic
production, condiment and medicine as well as ornamentals in gardens.
            Gruben
and Tahir (2007) pointed out that Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
statistics estimated world production of capsicum
spp
in 2001 at 21.3 million tonnes from a harvested area of 1.6 million ….(ie
an average yield of 13.4/ha). Comparatively, yield in the developing countries
is about 10-30% of that in developed countries (Erinle, 1989 anibben and Tahir,
2004). However Nigeria is known to be one of the major producers of pepper in
the world accounting for about 50% of the African production and the major area
of production is northern Nigeria (Business day, 2007; Erinle, 1989). High
potential pepper producing areas of Nigeria such as Kaduna, kano, Jigawa,
katsina, sokoto, plateau and bauchi states (Most of which also he within the
derived savannah zone) produce enough pepper to meet the need of the people in
the deficit areas (eg. southwest .ie ogun, oyo, ondo, Ekiti and Lagos states).
Although, pepper is widely cultivated throughout Nigeria, yields obtained by
present farmers are often very low (Adingun, 2001).
2.0       Wet And Dry Season Pepper Production     
            Pepper
can be grown as a rain-fed crop or raised entirely under irrigation in areas
where there is very low amount of rainfall. Yayock et al (1988) reported that
pepper can be successfully grown in areas with annual rainfall between
60c-2500mm. the moisture content of the soil and the prevailing temperature
have important effects on the growth and yield of pepper. The growing and
cultivation of pepper in the wet and dry season begins in the month of April
and August respectively. In general, the maximum growth and production of
pepper occur between a temperature range of 180c and 300c
(Arubben and Tahir, 2004).
            However
the dry season pepper production is said to be more profitable compare to the
wet season production. This is as a result of the ambient environmental factors
that tend to limit the activities of pest and pathogenic organization such as
fungi and nematodes in the dry season. Photo, periodism may also be another
important factor.



Table
1: Results from trails on 10 accessions of pepper production in the wet season.
Economic
Analysis of production of 10 accession of pepper in the wet season
Accession number
Accession name
Yield kg/ha
Gross return N/ha
Cost of production N/ha
Net returns N/ha
Benefit to cost ratio
/A108
– 1
Sango
866
.  67
173.334
251,
755
78,
441
0.7
/A108
– 2
Saasa
2020.
00
404,000
251,755
152.225
1.6
/A108
– 3
Oja-oba
2266.
67
453,334
251,
755
201,559
1.8
/A108
– 4
Bodija
2500.
00
500,000
251,
755
248,
225
2.0
/A108
– 5
Ogbomoso
1553
.33
310,
666
251,
755
58,
891
1.2
/A108
– 6
Odo
– oba
1716.67
343,
334
251,
755
91,579
1.4
/A108
– 7
Saki
2220.00
444.000
251,755
197,225
1.8
/A108
– 8
Ikire
1933.33
386,666
251,755
134,
891
1.5
/A108
– 9
Ile
– ife
2173.
33
434,
666
251,
755
182
911
1.7
/A108
– 10
Osogbo
2546.
67
509,334
251,
755
257,
579
2.0
Source: NHRII Field data, 2008.



Table
2: Results from trials on 10 accessions of pepper production in the dry season
Economic
Analysis of production of 10 accession of pepper in the dry season 
      
Accession number
Accession name
Yield kg/ha
Gross return N/ha
Cost of production N/ha
Net returns N/ha
Benefit to cost ratio
/A108
– 1
Sango
2356.67
353,500
268,
699
84,
802
1.3
/A108
– 2
Saasa
4536.67
680,500
268,699
411,801
2.5
/A108
– 3
Oja-oba
5686.67
853,
000
268,699
584,301
3.1
/A108
– 4
Bodija
5936.67
890,500
268,
699
621,801
3.3
/A108
– 5
Ogbomoso
3956.67
593,500
268,699
324,801
2.2
/A108
– 6
Odo
– oba
3363.33
504,499
268,
699
235,
800
1.9
/A108
– 7
Saki
4813.33
721,
999
268,699
453,300
2.7
/A108
– 8
Ikire
5310.00
796.500
268,699
527,801
3.0
/A108
– 9
Ile
– ife
3493.33
523,999
268,699
255,300
2.0
/A108
– 10
Osogbo
3080.00
462,000
268,699
193,301
1.7
Source: NHRII Field data, 2008.
            With
regards to the economic performance, the result of the different accessions of
pepper indicated that the maximum gross returns of (N509,334/ha), net return
(N257,579) and benefit to cost ratio of (2:0:1) were obtained for /A108-10
accession during the wet seasons (table 1). In the same manner, the maximum
gross return of (N890.500/ha), Net returns (N621, 801/ha0 and a benefit to cost
ratio of (3:3:1) were obtained from /A108-4 during the dry season (table 2).
The highest profit (N3.30) per naira invested was recorded in the /A108-4 accession
during the dry season. The result on the average indicated that pepper
production was more profitable during the dry season.
2.1       Varieties Commonly Produced
            The following
varieties are widely grown in Nigeria
·        
Bird peppers – atawere (capsicum
frutescens)
·        
Cayenne pepper or red pepper – sambo
(capsicum frutescens)
·        
Atarodo (capsicum annum)
·        
Tatase (capsicum annum)
            The fruits of these types of pepper
vary in size, colour, shape, and pungency. They are all hot as bird pepper and
cayenne pepper. Both bird pepper and cayenne pepper are used either fresh or
dried, atarado and tatase are mosthy used fresh.
2.2       Seedling
production
Nursery
preparation –
select a good soil medium for raising
seedlings. The soil should be rich, well – drained and free of diseases and
insect pests. A soil mixture consisting of compost and top soil in equal
proportions can be used in making seed beds or filled in trays (30 x 45 x 8cm)
to produce the seedlings. Press the soil quite firmly in the trays allowing a
space of 20cm watering. Make beds of about 1 meter long. Allow 1 metre path
between beds. The bed surface should be level to avoid erosion. In the absence
of appropriate soil mixture apply 1kg or 3 small milk tins of 15:15:15 compound
fertilizer per bed of 10sq. metres or it available 2-4 head pans of well –
ratted farm yard manure or poultry manure plus 1 milk tinful of superphosphate and
2 milk tinfuls of sulphate of ammonia.
Bed
fumigation-
it is usual to treat nursery soil
mixture with fumigant to kill pests, fungi, weeds etc. in the soil. VAPAM is
recommended at the rate of 1 litre to 20 litres of water per bed of 1m x 10m.
When used, wet soil heaving to a depth of 15cm and cover with palm fronds. Do
not sow seeds until after 9-10 days after treatment in the absence of
fumigants, apply heat treatment by burning trash on the beds and removing the
ash.
Sowing

water the nursery well a day before saving. Make drills about 5 – 10cm a part
across the bed and sow about 10 seeds per drill. 15-20 days after sawing.
Alternately holes can be made at 4x4cm apart on the bed and 3-4 seeds dropped
in each hole. Similarly seeds can also be planted in specific spacing (4cm x
4cm) in the tray.           
Shading

provide shade in the nursery to protect seedlings from hot sun and heavy rains.
A palm frond on a one half metre pole frame work is adequate. Remove half of
the fronds 30 days after sawing and the rest 40 days later, so as to harden the
seedlings before transplanting.
·        
Watering
– water seedlings every morning. Reduce quantity and frequency of watering
during hardening of seedling
·        
Disease
and insect control
– the seedlings should be sprayed regularly
with insecticides like Ambush and fungicide distance for control of insect and
disease before transplanted.
·        
Land
preparation-
plough, harrow, and make beds a week
before transplanting is done. Make beds. 1.0 metre wide and of any convenient
length.
·        
Transplanting

transplant seedlings on beds 1.0 metre wide. The plants should be arranged in
two rows on the bed. The rows are spaced 70cm apart while the plants are spaced
50cm apart in the rows. Water the seed trays and beds in the nursery before lifting
the seedlings
·        
Fertilizer
application –
A complete fertilizer such as N.P.K.
15:15:15 can be carried out about 2 weeks after transplanting at the rate of
one match box fertilizer to two plants, using the ring method of application. A
distance of about 4-7cm from the plant stem.
            The second application should be
performed at 50% flowering – the application rate is one match box per plant
water the plant immediately after applying the fertilizer. 
·        
Pest
control:-
spray every week with the insecticides: saving 85
w.p. 10gm/10l of water
DISEASE:-
 Bacterial
wilt:
The infected plants shows wilting and death of the growing point and
upper leaves. It can be controlled by removing and destroying affected plants,
and the use of resistant varieties.
Virus:-
Reduce size of young leaves with leaf curl, motting vein clearing, puckering,
stunted growth and shorter inter nodes. It can be controlled by practicing crop
rotation.       
·        
Harvesting:-
colour is an important item of quality therefore fruits should be harvested
when they are red or yellow
2.3       Economic
Importance of Pepper
·        
Pepper production in Nigeria has serve
as a good source of income to our local farmers
·        
Pepper serves as  raw materials for our industries. E.g cosmetic
production
·        
It has improve the standard of living
thereby creating employment opportunities to the citizens
·        
Pepper production has also contributed
to the national income through exports
·        
Pepper serves as spice, adding flavor
and colour to our food and also provide essential vitamins and minerals
(Nutritional value)
·        
Pepper is used as a carminative (a
substance that helps prevent the formation of intestinal gas), stimulants,
antidepressants, antioxidant that helps in lowering the cholesterol level to a
great extent, counter-irritant e.t.c. (Medicinal functions).
2.4       Constraints in pepper production
·        
With respect to the problem of pests and
disease attack, which is a one among he major problem facing pepper
farmer/production, has subsequently cause a reduction in the yield and income
accruable to the pepper farmer
·        
Problems of inadequate storage of pepper
also abound in nigeria. majority of farmers has problems in storing their
produce. Due to the perishable nature of pepper are stored mostly for
consumption purposes. Processing is only in the farm of parboiling with palm
oil after which the pepper is sun-dried.    
·        
With respect to transportation, majority
of farmer and been faced with the problem of transportation. This is as a
result of bad roads leading to high cost of transportation which could be
contributing to problems in sourcing for improved seeds and fertilizer and also
making available of pepper in areas of high demand.
·        
High percentage of pepper farmers are
faced with the problem of finance/credit to acquire production inputs,
transportation, pest and disease control, expansion of farm business, etc.   
3.0       Summary,
conclusion and recommendations
3.1       Summary
            Pepper
production in Nigeria is of great economic medicinal and nutritional importance
as well as being an excellent source of natural colour. Its production is
carried out both in the wet and dry season. The dry season production can be
achieved through irrigation. Its production follows a series of nursery and
filed operations and techniques to achieve greatest productivity. Pepper is
majority grown in the Northern Nigeria in high quantity. Nigeria is known to be
one among the major producers of pepper as it accounts for 50% of the African
production. Though the problems of pest and disease, credit/finance,
transportation and storage facilities have to an extent affected the output of
pepper production in Nigeria.
3.2       Conclusion
and Recommendation
    
            The importance of pepper can not be
over emphasize as it has play a major role in the economy of Nigeria. Its
medicinal and nutritional value as well as it flavor has increase its
production in recent years world wide. Pepper grown in Nigeria is of high demand
due to its pungency and good flavor. Its production in the dry season is more
productive and profitable due to the effect of ambient environment factors.
            Pepper is widely produce or
cultivated throughout Nigeria but yields obtain are deficient to an amount due
to production constraints
            In order to boost the level of
output and productivity, the following are been recommended.
1.      Government
should provide financial assistance and credit facilities to pepper farmer in
the country
2.      Research
in agricultural engineering and food technology should be focused on viable
methods of storing pepper.
3.      Government
should provide good infrastructures most especially good roads in the rural
areas where most of the pepper production is carried out.
4.      A
mechanism ensuring availability of inputs should be instituted by the
government in all areas where pepper production is done within the country
5.      For
a profitable production purposes, attention should be focused on varietals
preference for different production season.




Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.
For your Agribusiness, either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit.
Generally, our feasibility study and business plans are developed so well that it becomes irresistible when you show them to your investors or sponsors. It gives you a clear picture of what you are expected to see when you put the feasibility study or business plans into use. It also shows how much it will cost you to own your desired business, what your money can afford. The kinds of product you will need to minimize input in other to maximize output, and how much returns you will get at the end of each accounting year until your business break-even on its initial investment capital. This will give the intending business person or investor or farmer, a vivid idea on the possible benefit he or she stands to gain, when he or she starts doing the business. With that, the intending business person or investor or farmer will not need a soothsayer to make decision for him or her.
http://www.chrisfarmnigeria.com
NOTE; According to our policy, we are not
“allowed / permitted” to disclose peoples business or written feasibility study,
“to anyone”, irrespective of their personality.
BUT, WE are permitted to display executive
summary,
And these are some executive summary of
some feasibility study carried out. 
1st sample;
EXECUTIVE
SUMMARY
     
Feasibility study on fishery farming business,
on 2oplots of land, using new karshi as a case study.
     
New
Karu

is the headquarters of Karu local Government Area, Nasawara State. It grew up
with other towns and villages as a result of the expansion of administrative
and economic activities of the Federal Capital Territory “Abuja”, Nigeria. This
rapid growth has increased the general demand of goods and services in which
agriculture production is not left out.
     
Farming business is a lucrative business
and also an important sector of the economy that can provide significant,
economic, and social impact which will affect the general public positively,
both in food provision, skill acquisition, employment opportunities and many
more…..
     
After carrying out the feasibility study
on new karshi, it was discovered that farming generally will do well both on
crop and animal production.
     
For poultry and fishery business, there
is good market for them since there are big markets in
Mararaba, Ado, New Nyanya and other
dispatch outlets
like; hotels, spotlights, bars,
bakeries, event planners, families and nearby towns like Abuja (about 30km from
the site).
     
It will take about
N233, 274,590
to construct the farm from the farm plan. Due to low investment capital of 20million,
we applied selective measure of
N23,
091,480
and only 2plots was used and the left
over will be used as the business expands.
     
Investing
N46, 073,080
(
N23, 091,480
for construction, N22, 981,600→For
Production and
Running cost) on fishery business using
2 plots of land is a very lucrative one. Using profitability index to determine
how lucrative the business is, we got a viable result of 1.05% returns on
business in the next sixth year. That tells us that, after the sixth year time,
the businesses will break-even and your profit projection will emerge.
      
2nd sample;
EXECUTIVE
SUMMARY
USING
N47, 158,000 and N8, 164,000 AS AN INITIAL INVESTMENT IN TWO FARMS
     
Feasibility study on fishery and poultry
farming business on 1plot of land, using owerri town as a case study.
     
Imo state is one of the states in
Nigeria which share boundaries with Abia, Enugu, Anambra and Rivers state,
having owerri as it capital territory.
§  Farming
business is a lucrative business that lurches millions into anyone’s pocket irrespective
of what you do or your qualifications. Is an important sector of the economy
that can provide significant, economic, and social impact which will affect the
general public positively, both in food provision, skill acquisition,
employment opportunities and many more…..
     
To obtain a land in owerri town will
cost about N1, 200,000 and about N800, 000 on its out sketch. 
     
Lands sold for a plot in owerri measures
100meters by 50meters
     
With N1, 500,000 you can own your own C
of O on any location in owerri town. Via these researches, N1, 500,000 was use
as a study guide for cost of land. 
     
After carrying out the feasibility study
on owerri town, it was discovered that owerri had a lot of market to dispatch
these product. Some of these prospective buyers are; hotels, spotlights, bars,
markets, bakeries, event planners, families and nearby towns.
     
Investing N47, 158,000 and N8, 164,000
on fishery and poultry business on a plot of land using different land is a
very lucrative one. Using profitability index to determine how lucrative the
business is in a year. We got a viable result of 1.08 and 1.10 returns on the
same year. That’s tells us that before the year runs out, the businesses will
break-even.
OUR TABLE OF CONTENT INCLUDE;
SECTION 1(Business plan section)
  • SECTION I – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • NAME OF BUSINESS / COMPANY
  • OFFICE & SITE LOCATION
  • MOTIVATION
  • MISSION STATEMENT
  • SOCIAL/ECONOMIC VALUE
  • PROJECT STATUS & START UP
  • WHY PREPARE THIS BUSINESS PLAN?
  • SECURITIES FOR THE PROPOSED LOAN
  • REPAYMENT
  • SECTION II – STUDY AREA
  • STUDY AREA
  • COMPANY OVERVIEW
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM
  • DEPARTMENTS IN THE COMPANY
  • EXPERIENCE
  • MANAGEMENT TEAM GAPS
  • SECTION III – INDUSTRY ANALYSIS
  • DEFINING YOUR INDUSTRY
  • YOUR INDUSTRY SIZE GROWTH RATE AND SALES PROJECTIONS
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
  • MARKET OVERVIEW
  • MARKET SEGMENTATION
  • RELEVANT MARKET SIZE
  • KEY SUCCESS FACTORS
  • LONG TERM PROSPECTIVE
  • MARKET CHARACTERISTICS
  • SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
  • SECTION IV – CUSTOMER ANALYSIS
  • TARGET CUSTOMERS
  • CUSTOMER NEEDS
  • MARKET NEEDS / SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
  • BUYERS BEHAVIOUR
  • MARKET SHARE
  • SALES FORECASTING
  • SECTION V – COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
  • DIRECT COMPETITORS
  • COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
  • SECTION VI – MARKETING PLAN
  • PRODUCTS & SERVICES
  • FINISHED PRODUCTS
  • PRODUCT QUALITY AND PRODUCTION QUANTITY
  • PRODUCTION CAPACITY
  • PRICING
  • PROMOTIONS PLAN
  • DISTRIBUTION PLAN
  • SECTION VII – OPERATIONS PLAN
  • GENERAL APPROACH TO PRODUCTION
  • TECHNICAL ANALYSIS / PRODUCTION PROCESS
  • EQUIPMENT
  • PACKAGING REQUIREMENTS
  • SECTION VIII – FINANCIAL PLAN
  • REVENUE MODEL
  • FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
  • FINANCIAL ASSUMPTIONS
  • FINANCE CHARGES
  • FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS
  • FUNDING REQUIREMENTS/USE OF FUNDS
  • CRITICAL ASSUMPTIONS
SECTION 2(Feasibility study section)
  • FINANCIAL MODELS
  • SUMMARY OF PROJECT COST
  • BUDGET OF FIXED ASSETS / CAPITAL EXPENSES / INVESTMENTS
  • DEPRECIATION
  • UTILITIES
  • OPERATING EXPENSES (OPEX)
  • TOTAL REQUIRED INVESTMENT OUTLAY (REQUIRED START-UP CAPITAL)
  • FINANCING PLAN
  • INSTALLED / AVAILABLE EQUIPMENT
  • BREAK-EVEN ANALYSIS
  • LOAN REPAYMENT SCHEDULE AND INTEREST PAID
  • FORECAST OF PROFIT AND LOSS
  • CASH FLOW
  • BALANCE SHEET
  • GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS (BREAK EVEN ANALYSIS)
  • BUSINESS RATIOS – PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
  • CONCLUSION
  • SECTION 3 – APPENDIX
   Click other related clicks that may interest you below;

 

Acceptable feasibility study and business plan for bank loans

Feasibility study on piggery farming business Agbarho community, delta state 

A PREPARED FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR CATFISH FARM IN NIGERIA 

“How to own, manage, and make millions from catfish farmingbusiness” BEST SELLER  

HOW TO OWN A MEGA FISH FARM BUSINESS IN NIGERIA

FLOATING FISH FEED PELLET MACHINE

TIPS ON BROILERS PRODUCTION AND ACTUAL VACCINATION –PROGRAMME AND TREATMENT

TIPS IN POULTRY MANAGEMENT

Sales of battery cage system in Nigeria

CASSAVA PROCESSING MACHINE

GRASS CUTTER/ CANE RAT PRODUCTION, BEST SELLER

How to handle and manage Snail farming

Rabbit Management

MANAGEMENT OF RABBITS, BEST SELLER


HOW TO PLACE AN ORDER NOW?

Payment Methods 

  • Bank Deposit 
  • Electronic Fund Transfer or western money transfer 
  • ATM cash Transfer 

This payment method requires the customer to deposit, Electronic
Fund Transfer or ATM cash Transfer directly from his/her account into any of CHRIS FARM NIGERIA bank accounts.

If it is an E-Book, project materials, written project or written feasibility study, it will be sent to your immediately as soon as your transaction reflects in our account.

Please note; it will take ten working days to write (or prepare) a feasibility study or a project on your request.
Our bank details are on the website page, Just click on payment to get them

After placing your order, SMS your payment information (Manual title,
Name on teller, payment teller number, and your e-mail address)
E.g. catfish, Kelechi Bisi Amina,531796,allpurpose@yahoo.com
To +2348036925718 or +2348051270981 once I confirm your payment.
The material will be sent to your immediately! By e-mail Trust us 100% to do that.

Advantages of sending your request via email your e-book (electronic book) is downloadable from your e-mail box which allows you to read and print out this book

• Zero shipping costs.
• No wasting time, forget having to wait weeks for postal delivery.
• No risk of products lost in the mail or damaged

Thinking that we might live you after your purchase? Definitely no!
With the CBN policy in Nigeria via bank verification number (BVN), is almost impossible to steal your money from bank transfer or bank payment.

We assure you of maximum support when you need us. Please, do not hesitate to ask us for the way forward.  

Get in touch with us today on our phone numbers or send us an email. We await your response……………………….

WRITTEN AND COMPILED BY CHRIS FARM NIGERIA

WEBSITE: www.chrisfarmnigeria.com
EMAIL: chrisfarmnigeria@gmail.com
PHONE: +234(803)-692-5718 or +234(805)-127-0981
LIKE US ON FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/chrisfarmnigeria 
FOLLOW US ON TWITTER: www.twitter.com/chrisfarm9ja

• A big thank you for your patronage in advance
Your Success, Is Our Optimum Desire
AT Chris farm Nigeria, We Deliver the Best Services…
  
Other services we render are displayed on our advert below;
 ADVERTISEMENT
  • We provide feasibility study/business plan for new and existing businesses
  • We help you to recruit staff for your company, firm or organizations
  • We help you in registering your company, firm or organizations
  • Suppliers of any food stuffs
  • Building contractor (especially building houses, constructions of ponds)
  • Provides Architect for any design
  • Help you in getting loans
  • Sales of fingerlings, table size catfish, chicks, Grass-cutters, rabbits, snails, and many more
  • Farm design
  • Feed formulation for general livestock, including
  • Floating/Sinking Fish feed
  • Soybean oil processing, Teachings on how to test soybean cake,
  • Teaching on how to remove the gummy and unpleasant smell of soybean oil
  • Palm Oil/Palm nut cracking
  • Fish Farming (Pond Construction and Fingerlings distribution)
  • Poultry farm (plus marketing ideas)
  • Rabbit farming
  • Snail Farming
  • Grass-cutter/cane rat Farming
  • Commercial Crop Farming
  • Handwork/Workshop Plan
  • Pure Water Business
  • Nylon production
  • Professional Website design (cooperate and personal)
  • Bulk SMS (plus re-seller website)
  • Business Software Design
  • Logo design plus company slogan
  • Printing Press (Graphic design, lithography, banners, poster, handbills etc)
  • Sales of battery cage for livestock farming all over Nigeria
  • E-books on; Broilers farming, Layers farming, Grass-cutter farming, Rabbit farming, Pig farming, Catfish farming, and many more……
  • How to own, manage, and make millions from catfish production (Most demanded)
  • Projecting writing, Sales of written projects, and many more…………

READ  How Mushrooms Grows | Mushroom Farming Business | Business Plans in Nigeria

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *