How To Produce Soap Using Cold-Process For 1Kg Soap
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ITEMS TO BUY
I. 1kg of caustics soda.
II. 8 bottles of oil (example P.K.O)
III. Perfume OF fragrance to taste (optional).
IV. Sodium silicate to taste (optional)
V. Colorant to taste (optional)
VI. Foaming agent to taste (optional)
VII. Sodium chloride or table salt 1 /2spoon (optional)
HOW TO START
1. Sock the caustic soda with about 3 bottles water over night.
2. The day of production gauge the caustic to be at 1275.
3. Add the oil (P.K.O) into the caustic solution and stir very well
4. Add perfume, color, silicate, forming agents and salt turn it very well again.
5. Then pour it inside mule to set
6. Cut it for use or sell
CAUTION: Caustic soda and soda Ash are EXTREMELY
caustic and can cause burns if splashed on the skin. It could cause blindness
if spattered in the eyes.
Use caution when adding Iye (caustic
soda and potash) to cold water, when stirring caustic (Iye) and when pouring
the liquid soap into moles. If it is spilled on skin, wash immediately with
Wash off any caustic or green (uncured)
soap spilled on furniture or counter tops.
Always add caustic soda to cold water,
never to hot water because the chemical action heats the cold water to the
boiling point. It also produces harsh fumes which are harmful if breathed
deeply. Stand back and avert the head while the caustic soda is dissolving. The
use of gloves, glasses and draft vents is recommended. Because of these
dangers, it is best to keep small children far from the place while soap is
being produced. Avoid using aluminum containers to dissolve caustic soda.
Always use rubber and plastic containers.
LIST OF CHEMICALS, NAMES, COMPOUND
FORMULAR, FUCNTIONS AND USES.
PALM-KERNEL OIL (P.K.O)
(Elaeis guineensis) is
an edible oil derives from the kernel of the oil palm.
An ingredient in
names: Iye, sodium hydroxide.
Caustic is white granules.
Caustic is soluble in water, ethanol and methanol.
of caustic: In used in many industries, mostly as a
strong chemical base in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking
water, soaps and detergents and as a drain cleaner.
neutralizes or adjusts the acidity of the other ingredients in soap and
HYDROXIDE: Other names caustic potash, Ash and Iye.
Hydroxide forms white deliquescent crystals is usually white pellets. It
dissolves readily in water, giving of much heat and forming a strong alkaline
ash and hard ash.
pepper products, soap and detergents, etc. it allow bar soaps to harden.
SULPHATE: Is the sodium salt of sulfuric acid. It is a white
is mainly used for the manufacturing of the detergents and in the kraft process
of pepper pulping.
provides proper flow or solubility to soap. Cleans without leaving residue.
PEROXIDE: Is a clear liquid slightly more viscous than water.
has many function but it is mainly used in powered detergent production.
breakdown soaps particles
CALCIUM HYPOCHLORIDE: Other names Aqua
chloro, (HTH) and chlorine used in bleach production, treating of drinking
water also for cleansing.
and granules form.
a translucent, colourless brittle (when dry), flavorless solid substance.
It is commonly used as a gelling agent.
Other names gelatin,
thick liquid substance. It serves as moisturize in facial cleaner.
LAURYL ETHER SULPHATE (SLES)
A cleansing agent and effective foamer.
ACID: A brownish or blackish thinkly liquid. It serves as
Is an organic compound made synthetically or obtained from peppermint or other
mint oils. It is a waxy, crystalline substance, clear or white in colour. Solid
at room temperature and melts slightly above.
CONPHOR: A similar substance to menthol.
EMOTION:- It is used for production of bonds. (Gum or glue)
Other names, carbolic acid and phenic acid.
It is serves as
an antiseptic (germ-free) substance.
name fragrance it gives nice smell to the product.
gives colour to the products. Kinds of colours
Water colours and
FORMULINE: A colourless
liquid substance. It look like water. It is commonly used as preservative.
COMPLEX are additives component.
used in production of soap, paint chalk board e.t.c.
DIETHANOL AMIDE (CDEA)
Foam or sud booster.
SILICATE- A liquid substance That serve as hardening and
leavening agent, prevent separation or deterioration of ingredients in liquid
TRIPOLYPHOSPHATE (STPP). A chemical that gives cleansing
Sequestering agents that makes the ingredients floats, used as forming
stabilizer; also to reduce hardness in water.
Binder used for powered detergent.
PHOSPHATE: Provides the abrasive strength; remove hard water
minerals and this increase the effectiveness of detergents; prevents dirty from
setting back in clothes during washing
chloride or table salt: Thickening agent; provides
viscosity to the soap.
and propyl pareben: Anti-microbial preservatives.
amine (TEA) Emulsifier used in facial cleaner.
chloride: disinfectant against bacteria, fungi and yeast.
methy cellulose (CMC) An anti-redeposition agents that
prevent dirt from setting back in clothes during washing.
Ethanol is an alcohol.
34. ethanol use in
production of body perfume.
NOTE; JUNIPER, PINE OIL, PETROLEUM JERRY, are commonly
used for the production of hair cream,
Vaseline pomades balm etc.
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