A-Z On How To Start Goat Farming Business
A-Z On How To Start Goat Farming Business For Free. This free article covers the A-Z On How To Start Goat Farming Business for all. Emphasizes is on Farmers Beginners. Goat Farming Business is a lucrative business. Several Goat Farmers makes millions every year. Nevertheless, this free articles includes the following; Goat Meat in relation to A-Z On How To Start Goat Farming Business, Opportunities In Goat Farming All Over The World, The Profit In Goat Farming Business, How To Setup Your Goat Farm, Goats need large expanse of land, Effects of Goats on A Pasture, Goat Housing Guide, Types of Goat House, Required Space for Goats, List of Goat Breeds, Dairy Goat Breeds, Meat Goat Breeds, Kids Productive Goat Breeds, Skin Productive Goat Breeds, Steps To Start Goat Farming, Understanding the goat’s behavior and many others.
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Goat farming is one of the most rewarding animal rearing business anyone can engage in anywhere in the world. Goat meats are widely accepted and consumed round the globe, while the milk is also gaining in popularity and is being sold in supermarkets across the United States, Europe and Asia and represent the bulk of the liquid milk market.
Here in Nigeria, the goat milk is still not yet widely consumed because farmers are not yet taking advantage of the opportunity. Would you be the farmer to make this happen? The meat is believed to be the best animal meat available anywhere in the market for good reasons. Not only does the meat taste great, it is also lower in fat than chicken but contains higher protein than beef, that makes it better than chicken and beef.
Goat Meat in relation to A-Z On How To Start Goat Farming Business
Goat meat has a unique taste that is very difficult to describe but very appealing to the taste bud. There are other products that can be derived from Goat milk such as cheese, yogurt, ice cream, and butter. Anything that cow milk can offer, goat milk can also offer. These are the reasons goat farming is considered by wise farmers as a very lucrative business and a it is increasingly becoming very popular among modern farmers in Nigeria.
Opportunities In Goat Farming All Over The World
In India and Nepal, goat farming is one of the major source of income for families and bigger farmers are producing larger quantity for export. China, India, and Pakistan are currently the largest producer of goat in the world with the opportunities still great there for any new farmer who would like to tap the gain. Nepal is said to still import about 1.3million live goat yearly from the neighboring countries such as India, meaning that the opportunity is very much huge in that country for any would be goat farmer.
Australia is the largest exporter of live goat and goat products in the world, yet they are still not meeting the demand of countries where they export. The opportunities in Australia for new farmers are equally great and increasing rapidly.
In United Kingdom, almost all the supermarkets sells goat meats and other goat products like the milk, cheese, butter, and yogurt. The demand is quite high and farmers there are not meeting those demands in full. There are plenty of money making opportunities for goat farmers in UK.
Nigeria A-Z On How To Start Goat Farming Business
In Nigeria, goat meat is widely consumed locally and forms major part of the people’s delicacies. The popular goat meat pepper soup is so tasty that people come from far and wide to have a taste of it. Yet, few farmers are into goat rearing in the country, most of the goats consumed in Nigeria comes from the Niger Republic and the North. Nigerian Dwarf Goats is popular in the South and Eastern part of the country but only kept for family consumption and sold in the local markets occasionally despite the huge demand. Any serious farmer who would take goat farming to the next level will have serious money to make.
A-Z On How To Start Goat Farming Business Profitably
Goat farming is a big and profitable business Anywhere in the world. In this article, I will explain how anyone can start goat farming on a small scale and grow to any size he want within couple of years in any part of the globe. I want to make this article as comprehensive as possible and as people begin to share their ideas and understanding in Goat farming business through comments, I hope this will end up becoming great resource for small scale goat farmers much like the Poultry Farming post. Please read and participate by dropping a comment.
The Profit In Goat Farming Business
Firstly, let’s look at the profit potential in goat farming business, I want to analyze the profit in dollar perspective because I am looking at a situation where some Nigerian farmer would take this goat farming to the next level and starts producing large enough to export even if it is to other African countries.
A fully mature goat weigh about 100 pound and in many places goat sale is measured in pound with each pound going for $1.5. Therefore, 100 pound weigh goat will bring it $150 minimum. If you produce just 500 goats yearly and each sold for $150 minimum, you will be making $75,000 per year. Take away $25,000 as the production cost, you will be left with $50,000 (₦8,000,000) from just 500 goats as pure profit. Isn’t that great?
Don’t forget that goats take between 2-3 years to mature, in the profit estimate above, I assumed you have passed through the first three years of establishment. The 500 is a big number but very achievable if you take your farming seriously, in all honesty 500 goats per annul after three years is a realistic goal for small scale farmers. You can start smaller and expand gradually depending on the resources available.
Now, how do you proceed to start your own goat farming business in easy and simple way that guarantees profit and sustainability? How do you start off in a cost effective way that ensures you don’t get your fingers burnt. Below are what you need and things you need to put in place to ensure you get started quick and simple.
How To Setup Your Goat Farm
1. Pasture – Acquire a good grazing ground that grows plenty of grass verities. Goats are relatively clean animals. They eat a wide variety of plants that are nutritious to them. They are foragers of weeds and leaves and could eat different types of plant at different season and even days. However, production animals feed on grass, silage, hay and grain just like cattle. Look for where land is cheap and acquire some acres depending on the number of animals you want to keep.
Goats need large expanse of land
Goats need large expanse of land, they like moving and moving while eating plants that are not too close to the ground to avoid worm infested plants. They like keeping enough distance from each other, this way, they reduce contaminating each other. Goat don’t like over crowded condition, ensure you have enough acres of land for your goats to roam about free while grazing and feeding.
How many goats should be kept in an acre? On a good pasture ground, maximum of 10 goats should be kept in an acre of grazing land, if you intend to keep up to 500 goats, you will need 50 acres of pasturage. Understand that goat multiply very quickly – a pregnancy will always result to the birth of twins. Sometimes they can give birth to single kid or even triplet which is very rare.
Construct short perimeter fence round your pasture or barbwire fence, I prefer barbwire to short perimeter fence for obvious reasons – Barbwire is more protective and impossible for goats to scare through while keeping the animal safe from predators. “Goats need protection from coyotes, roving dogs, or even cougars & bears if they are kept on pasture. Some producers use protection dogs to keep predators at bay. Special 1.2m fencing may be required to keep goats in. As goats like to go around obstacles, electric fencing is sometimes used. Many producers provide ‘play areas’ with things to climb to amuse them and to prevent damaging behavior”
Build a suitable house for your goats, house is required to keep them safe from rain and other climate factors like cold. Goat don’t like bad conditions, they like to stay indoor when it is raining, they like to stay under share when the weather is hot, and like to stay outside and graze when the weather is perfect and enjoyable.
|Diagram of Standard Goat House Design|
Goat likes some measure of privacy when they are indoors, so it is required you build separate houses for few number of goats or you construct it in a way that it will be spacious enough to give each animal some level of privacy. Goats like laying down and chew the cord while resting in a quiet condition. Make sure the housing is made comfortable for them. Some even suggested building dog house for each goat.
Having decided on the goat breeds to go for, source for healthy kids. It must have history of De-worming and Vaccination. Goat is susceptible to stomach worm and other internal parasites. Get the healthiest of goats possible to start with.
You will need to have appointment with a veterinary Doctors near you for periodic check up and vaccination. This is very important if you hope to keep the mortality at the lowest or completely eliminated. You can use Government agencies near you or appoint a private vet doctor.
With all these in place, you are very good to go in your goat rearing business. Since goat does not necessarily feed on processed animal feeds, your cost of production will be highly reduced because they will be eating natural nutritious plants in their pasture that grows on their own.
The goat has been rearing since ancient times. Generally, goat farming means rearing them for the purpose of harvesting milk, meat, and fiber. Nowadays goat farming has become a profitable business and it requires a very low investment because of its multi-functional utility.
Starting a goat farm for a successful farming business involves 7 steps. It starts like this, first and the foremost important thing is choosing a breed to consider. Next, providing the right environment like location, shelter depending on their behavior. However, keeping the feed and minerals balanced to let you make a sustainable profit. Let’s dig deep and find out how you will start when you are a complete beginner in livestock farming. Besides, A proper raising technique can save your time and money.
Commercial goat farming business is contributing greatly to the economy and nutrition of some countries. But, goat farming becomes popular worldwide. The number of farmer increases rapidly.
Start your goat farming business in 7 steps:
Goat farming is a very ancient occupation. People usually raising them for milk, meat and sell as a pet. The following 7 basic steps will help you to goat farming for profit. If you are getting interested in goat raising you should know about the benefits of goat farming. Goat farming is not a new business. It is profitable as well as a sustainable business. But before we dig into the actual article lets learn about benefits.
Benefits Of Goat Farming:
As goat growing place an important role in economic growth and meet the nutrition demand of the country it has some other benefits which you should know.
- Compare to other livestock farming goat raising doesn’t require massive investment. You don’t have given much effort to Goat farming.
- Usually, they are multiplied very fast by breeding which helps you to not to buy goats in the future.
- The most beneficial part of goat farming is its food, goats are eating almost everything. Goat eats all kind of grass including weeds.
- Goats also help us to destroy the natural weed and produce natural manure. Which is used in organic farming and by selling this fertilizer you can earn extra income as well.
- As goat is a low maintenance animal so you have to give less effort to raising goat then other animals.
You probably know that there are a ton of benefits. Here we tried to compare goat rearing with other livestock farmings. Now let’s go to the first step of 7 steps of starting goat farming business. We will suggest you, to make notes and create a business plan (how you will profit). Creating a plan will help you measure your success day by day.
Steps To Start Goat Farming:
In order to start a farm, there will be some challenges and difficulties. You need to identify those before you start.
Domestic Animal farming is one of the most profitable business. If significant actions have implemented by a farmer in the proper way with a perfect plan. At the present situation, a statistical Survey has shown that the total population of Goat is approximately 511.83 million. Which is possible only because of the well farming process and comparatively.
SO, They are more favorites r than other livestock. Moreover, Goat farming is one of the most important and benefited than other domestic animal farming.
Obviously, there are some pre-take steps that will solve or omits most of the obstacles. Later, we will discuss that. Now let’s learn, the common problem you will face during this…
- Growing and Gaining Weights,
- Food and Shelter Related,
- Managing and caring.
Here’s the list of steps to start
- Picking a profitable goat’s breeds
- Choosing A location
- Isolate the area with fences
- Feeding type: Food & water selection
- Learn goat behavior and lifestyle
- Understand & knowledge about Breeding and maturity
1. Choosing your goat breeds:
Depending on your motive of goat farming you must choose the right goat breeds for your farm. Typically, peoples are raising goats for the following reasons. For the purpose of Starting farming which based on Goat or Sheep first and foremost important things are to selection process and methods in different stages.
Why do you like to raise goats?
After selecting your reason. Go to the nearest government livestock association to get information about profitable goats breeds.
- Firstly, raising for goat for milk,
- Secondly, Raising goat for meat,
- Raising goat for hair,
- Lastly, Raising goat for sale as pets.
Tips For Beginners
It’s really quite important especially for beginners who want to start initially and farmers should select bulky type goat. So after observing some information Boer goat is ideal for any farmers. It’s actually originated from South Africa but in India, it can be found. At the first level, 2 goat is enough for 100 female goats. A male goat has to be 105 Kg and most important part this type of Goat has produced huge meat which much more profitable compared with another type of goat.
However, after observing all the circumstance Boer goat is quite well for those farmers who want to start farming of goat and pure blood is also available in the Asian country. Nigerian Dwarf goat can be a good selection for you,
Depending on the above criteria there are a variety of breeds exist. We will discuss this later in our articles.
2. Choosing a location:
As goats usually love to grow within a group, space and location selection for goat farming should be on top of your list. Goats will get significant benefits from open spaces where they will have the ability to roam around so make sure that you will choose that space with the above facility.
If you chose an area far away from the city it will help your goats to not affected by pollution. Also, you should check the permission or license related issue of your local government before you set up your goat farm. While selecting a farm area you should ensure this-
Clean and dry surface, mud floor is appropriate except where high rainfall/snow is observed.
Tranquil and open area.
Water and food availability etc.
The thing goat like is rain and cold. Keep them in worm and well-built places.
3. Goat farming shed (housing) structure:
Generally, goats are moderately strong creatures, they do appear to have a disgust for rain. It will be highly recommended to keep them out of cold winds if at all possible. A homely shelter for them to escape is a must when the climate forces.
For Primitive level, it is absolutely relevant, how to define a perfect budget?
The different character has a distinctive plan but few budgets are really fruitful for every beginner who wants to open a grazing business.
Primary Shade Size:
- If someone wants to open up at a professional level than 25 feet *30 feet (length and width) would be the best place for 125 to 200 goats.
- You will need to divide goats in different rooms depending on there age and behavior
- For a profit-driven farm within this area, at least 7 compartments are helpful the perfect growing process.
- Though, you can reduce the number into 4 compartments.
Promptly a simple question could arise and that is Why I suggest 7 compartments?
Because each compartment has defined for different types of level of maturity. You may have seven different compartments for
- Male (bucks),
- matured female or does,
- Weak or ill care compartment,
- Food serving
But, if you start with a small (below 10 goats) setup, Food serving, Breeding, Weak ill place need to be separate. Because you will have less weak or ill goats. Besides, it can also be used as the bucks or teenage or most growing time caring cell. Nevertheless, you can also use the breeding section for smalls kids.
However, if you want to start a large setup, will need all 7 compartments.
Your goats will also desire a peaceful area to go when a birth is approaching. Covering a shed with straw, hay, wood chips, or sawdust is essential for depositing the goat farm clean and mucking out.
Besides, a regular mucking out of all dirty areas is effective for preventing the maximum of the diseases. The popular shade types are- General flock shed (Ewe / Doe shed), Attendant’s room, Ram or buck shed, Lamb or kid shed, Shearing and storeroom, Lambing or kidding shed, Sick animal shed.
The shade should be made by tin and fence of all compartments should be made by steel because it can survive at least 15 years.
4. Isolate the area with fences:
This is the most serious issue that the majority experience with goats.
They can escape specialists. Particularly if there is any forage, grass, or food visible on the other side of the fence.
There are numerous choices for fencing, depending on your accessible space.
The sort of wall that you require is additionally subject to the measure of the goats you are planning for rising. For example, the Dwarf goats, would not be kept in by strings of the barbed cable while generous bucks before-mentioned as Nubians or La Manchas will.
5. Feeding type: Food & water selection
Like other animals, goats need easy access to clean water. Besides that, they eat a lot of things but it is a myth that they eat everything. You should keep in your mind these two aspects before you planning to start a goat farm. We have a dedicated article on this before beginning a goat farm have some knowledge about Goats Feed List: What do Goats Eats and don’t eat.
- The feeding process is a really crucial part. Basically, four times a day would be ideal time which helps to gain proper muscle of goat and place of food serving should minimum 1.5 inches higher from the main floor.
- On the other hand during feeding, food should be used in a proper way.
- Supplementary food also helps to gain more weight but for beginner, farmers should use natural food which helps to work as a cure of many diseases and also not so much costly but it takes a little bit of time for gaining weight than feeding supplementary food but feeding process is a little bit different for pregnant Goats.
Goat Eat Almost Anything
As goats eat almost everything you should ensure that there is no harmful plants or poisonous vines in your goat farm. Primarily, the food management suggests giving food for the usual and desired growth in several ages and in different seasons.
There are different types of food are known as an ideal food for goats which are given below:
- Oats, crash corns and the black seed of sunflower are best mixes and natural process to make weight.
- Cause it contains so much protein, fiber, carbo hydride, oils, and other important things.
- Which help to get a healthy body. It also helps to quick digest in a proper way.
- Barley and field pea could be ideal food but two of that thing should soak at least two days.
- Then it will ready as food and other livestock grasses know them as the best food for goat.
- Even minerals are a vital element for Goats, especially for female’s goat.
- It’s also getting from natural sources by a different type of Foods and that sources will discuss in another chapter Link with elaborately.
6. Understanding the goat’s behavior
There are two types of goats:
Domestic goats (Capra hircus)- grown as indoor farm animals; and,
- Mountain goats (Oreamnos americanus), grow freely as steep, Places like American Northwest is suitable for them.
Here is some tip to understand your goats more:
- Goats are aggressive especially the bulks.
- Aggressiveness is related to its horn structure and size.
- Goats are a very social animal, they love humans around.
- Goats can be grown as an indoor pet.
- Mother goats can identify their kids with eyesight and sound. (It develop within 4 hours of giving birth).
- Scent but the significant way through which adults and their newborn acquire a bond.
If you are interested to learn more visit: goat behavior.
7. Understand & knowledge about Breeding and maturity.
Every farmer should have the least amount of knowledge about breeding maturity of goats.
7 month is suitable for breeding but the weight should be maintained from 100 to 105 pound but 1 year is an ideal time for breeding. Usually, 3 will get in two years naturally.
During gestation pregnant does need 150 days (approx.) to give birth. Normally, 2 seasons are available for breeding that is April and August and pick-time from October to January.
Within moments of being born, kids are up and walking around. They normally reduce the dependency on mothers milk in between 2 months. At the age of two to four months separate the kids from the mother into the teenage compartment.
Getting Funds For Starting Goat Farming
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