Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan

Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan

Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan For Free. Firstly, this article is practically on Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan. Several areas of Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan will be discussed.

Some of which are; Farming Method, Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond, Quality Of Our Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond, Fish Farming In The World, How to Start Fish Farming Business, Select A Suitable Farm Land/Area, Pond Design & Construction, Suitable Fish Species, Care & Management, Feeding, List of Freshwater Fish Species, List of Saltwater Fish Species, Pond Management, Pond Size, Building The Pond, Preventing Your Ponds From Thief, Size of the Pond, Fish Diseases, Ulcer disease of fish, Stomach swelling, Water In Fish Stomach,

More On Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Business Plan

Firstly, Fish farming means ‘raising fish commercially in tanks, ponds or other enclosures for the purpose of producing food’. Commercial fish farming has already established as a profitable business venture throughout the world. Fish is a great source of food and protein. The demand and price of fish and fish related products are also increasing rapidly, in accordance with rapid population growth. This is the main reason of increasing this business around the world.

Farming Method

There are several methods you can use in doing your fish farming business. You can use the earthen,  Concrete, Tarpaulin, Plastics, or other forms of tanks. Using mobile fish tanks like tarpaulin and plastics, you can even do your fish farming in your bedroom.

Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond

Catfish Farming has moved into Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond. Farmers says that is the easiest way to do fish farming business. Firstly, Fish Farming is now easy and lucrative with Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond. Intuitively, is the innovative way of doing fish farming Business with easy. Likewise, doing fish farming business in the comfort of your home. Are you a tenant or a landlord? You can now do your fish farming anywhere. Call Us Today Or Chat Us Up On What’s App On +2348036925718 To Get Your Own Delivered To You.

More To Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond

Furthermore, Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond has come to stay. Do you have an empty land you propose for something? And the funds is not yet handle? Start up a Fish Farm there. Our Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond does have any negative impact on your land. Also, No digging or construction works. All you need to do is to install it there. That’s is why it is called Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond. we got you covered when it comes to fish farming business.

Our Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond

Firstly, We sell various sizes of Tarpaulin collapsible Mobile fish pond in Nigeria. Do worry about your location. We supply our Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond to any part of Nigeria. We supply according to your specification which is determined by the space available.

Features of our Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond

  • Our Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond are fordable.
  • it is made from a PVC material
  • It is more ideal for those who live in urban areas with little space available for your fish farm.
    Also, grows fish very fast and can be used for fish culture in any environment.
  • Likewise, our Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond are all moveable (mobile)
  • Similarly, cheaper than concrete made fish ponds.
  • Lastly, More people are using this tarpaulin fish pond in Nigeria.

Quality Of Our Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond

1. Tarpaulin Material

First look at the material. Some people use tarpaulin and other grades of tarpaulin for fish farming. But in reality, the best types are the grade-A materials also known as the trailer Tarpaulin. It is actually HDPE, high density polyethylene. It is reinforced with fibers inside and can last for up to 10 years if well handled.

Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan

2 Things To Look Out For In The Liners.

  • The length.

This is tricky. A 4ft pond should not have a 4ft liner. It should be at least a 4ft 2 inches in length. This is to allow the material to seat properly on the floor. The material must be big enough just to have a little extra. This way the weight of the water would be on the floor and not on the material or on the frames.

  • The sealing.

Some people use gum to seal tarpaulins. But with the newly imported tarpaulin sealing machine, we are able to seal the tarpaulin into different sizes we want. People now seal the tarpaulin for large sizes even for earthen ponds as earthen fish pond liners, to lay inside leaking concrete ponds, to retain water in leaking soils e.t.c

3. The Frames of the pond.

People think Iron frames are the best, over Wood frames or PVC Pipe frames. I think they are all useful for different purposes. You can use them for different aspects of fish farming, building a hatchery, smoking size fishes, grow out fishes or brood stock ponds.

To identify the best tarpaulin fish pond in Nigeria, the frames must not be rickety. It must be strong and reinforced on all sides.

Catfish Farming In Nigeria | Business Plan Sample

  • Drainage

The drainage, this is tricky. There are different types of drainage systems. The exit valves and the chambered flushing system. It is always best to get a plumber to come and attach the drainage of your pond for you.

Tarpaulin Collapsible Mobile Fish Pond

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We offer tarpaulin type mobile/portable fish pond which help to avoid the high cost and inconveniences common with concrete, plastic and earthen ponds. It can be installed and uninstalled. Thus, a suitable option for tenants, indoor/outdoor usage. Furthermore, It is suitable for backyard or small scale fish farms in the compound, as well as large scale projects. Similarly, it is also well adapted for common fish cultures (table and ornamental fishes).

Where To Put Cheap Tarpaulin Mobile Fish Pond?

Intuitively, you can make use of excess space in your compound by installing our Cheap Tarpaulin Mobile Fish Pond there. If you have empty land that you have not yet developed, you can convert it into a fish farm. There is no need of digging or construction on the land. So, you land is valid. That is to say; you can use your land anytime. All you need to do is to uninstall our Cheap Tarpaulin Mobile Fish Pond from the land. Then, you can use it for the purpose it is meet for.

Fish Mobile Tarpaulin Ponds For Fish farming For Sale

Why Use Our Cheap Tarpaulin Mobile Fish Pond

  • Firstly, our product offers features of excellent tensile strength-from the galvanized mesh wire material, which can withstand tearing.
  • It’s the special grade of quality tarpaulin with a particularly high tensile strength that makes it suitable for tough applications, including fish pond construction; industrial and home water storage; rainwater harvesting, the construction of quality tents and makeshift shelters, as well as other innovative applications in place of concrete walls.
  • It is used with a combination of metal/reinforced pipes framework/support.
  • Adapted features for water supply (pipes) and water exit from the setup.
  • Finally, it is available in different colours
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Fish Farming In The World

Almost all countries around the world are somehow suitable for fish farming business. But the countries with coastal areas are very suitable for this business. There are many areas, where fish farming business is the only way of livings for the people. However, here we are describing more about the advantages of fish farming and the steps for starting this business commercially.

Advantages of Fish Farming Business

There are many advantages of starting commercial fish farming business. Here we are describing the main advantages of fish farming business.

  • According to the demand, commercial fish farming business allows for large supplies of fish. Catching fish from the wild can’t always fulfill the consumer’s demand. In such cases commercial fish farming can meet up this demand.
  • Fish can be raised in tanks until they are ready for marketing, and they don’t require the extensive capture of wild fish. Thus commercial fish farming helps to preserve natural ecosystems.
  • Compared to the wild brethren, some farm raised fish species are more nutritious. Fish are usually fed a wide variety of protein and nutrient enriched foods or pellets on commercial fish farms. So farm fish become more healthier than the wild fish.
  • Various types of fish species are available throughout the world. So you can choose your desired species for your fish farming business.
  • Fish are very popular as food around the world. So there is an established fish market, and you don’t have to worry about marketing your products.
  • You can start fish farming business in both large or small scale production purpose.
  • If you don’t have enough capital for starting this business, then you can apply for bank loans. Many banks will allow loans for starting this business commercially.
  • Fish farming business is a great source of employment. More than 1 billion people around the world depend on fish as their primary protein source. And most of this people are directly or indirectly involved with fish products or fish farming business. As a result, fish farming creates a great income and employment source for the people. Global fish exportation business is now earning more money every year, than any other food commodity.
  • Even you can meet up your daily family nutritional demands through small scale fish farming in tanks or ponds.Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan

How to Start Fish Farming Business

For maintaining a profitable fish farming business, you have to go through some step by step process. The steps for starting a fish farming business includes selecting suitable farm land or area, fish farm type (cage, tank or pond), cage or pond construction, selecting fish species, feeding, care & management, harvesting and marketing. We are shortly describing all the steps below. For running a successful fish farming business, follow every steps very carefully.

Select A Suitable Farm Land/Area

Selecting a suitable land or area is very important for starting commercial fish farming business. All the areas are not suitable for profitable business. And some areas have plenty of natural resources, which are very effective for fish farming business. Especially coastal areas and the areas near big rivers or stream are very suitable for establishing fish farming business. Consider the followings while selecting land or areas for your business.

  • Select relatively level land and avoid steeply sloped lands.
  • Consider your future business plan, while selecting the land. It will be better if you can select a large piece of land, where you can perform all types of necessary farm activities.
  • Avoid flooding and polluted areas, because flooding area can harm your business seriously.
  • Don’t select fish farming land near the crop fields. Farmers usually use a lots of fertilizers and pesticides in their field for better production. These chemicals get mixed with water and the polluted water can affect your fish farm.
  • It will be better,if your selected land become slightly lower than the main water source. It also help to reduce the cost of filling your farm land with water. Natural gravity will fill the land without any cost.
  • Ensure good transportation system is available in your selected area. Good transportation system will be very effective for marketing your products and purchasing necessary commodities from the market.

Type of Your Farm

There are numerous specific type of fish farms in both intensive and extensive fish farming system. You can start fish farming business by choosing any type. You can choose cage system, tank system or pond system. In cage system, make a suitable cage and place it in lakes, ponds, bayous or oceans and start feeding the fish until they reach marketing age. In case of raising fish in tanks, make a or a few tanks and stock fish there. Here we are describing more about fish farming in pond system.

Pond Design & Construction

Construct a suitable pond, after selecting your farm area. Before constructing, make a good design and make the pond according to your desired design. While designing the pond, ensure the availability of all types of necessary facilities for maintaining a profitable fish farming business. Although the design of a pond depends on the fish species you intend to raise and your location. You can consult with your nearest fisheries institute to learn more about specific pond design for specific fish species. Always try to maintain a good environment in the pond. Good environment helps to live and grow the fish well, and it directly involved with better production and maximum profits.

Suitable Fish Species

Selecting suitable fish species is very important for maximizing profits form fish farming business. Select those breeds, which have a huge demand and high price in your local market. The most important fish species used in fish farming throughout the world are carp, salmon, tilapia and catfish. All of these fish species have many varieties and suitable for farming in all types of agro-climatic conditions. Select the fish species for farming, depending on your local facilities, demand and price.

Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan
Feeding On Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan

Feeding is the most important part of commercial fish farming business. Always try to provide your fish high quality and nutritious food. High quality food not only ensures maximum production but also help to keep the fish healthy. So provide your fish supplementary fish feed along with natural food. There are various types of prepared commercial fish feed available in the market for specific fish species. You can purchase those commercial feed from the market or prepare it by your own. Learn more about preparing supplementary fish feed, if you want to prepare it by your own. Don’t forget to add all types of necessary nutrient elements, such as vitamins, minerals, salt etc. Feed your fish several times a day, depending on the fish species.

Care & Management On Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan

Always try to provide your fish fresh and nutritious foods. It will be better, if you can change water from the pond occasionally. If not possible, then you can use some chemicals according to the suggestion of an expert. Monitor the health of your fish on a regular basis. Do all your necessary farm tasks timely. Keep the pond environment clean and suitable for proper growth. Test the water and soil quality of your pond on a regular basis. Always stock some necessary drugs on your farm. Prevent all types of predators, including frogs, snakes etc.

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After a certain period, the fish become suitable for harvesting. Although this time depends on the fish species. Start harvesting, when a major numbers of fish reach marketing age. You can use net for harvesting fish or by removing water from the pond. Try to harvest during morning or afternoon, when temperature is low. After harvesting, send the fish to the market as soon as possible.


Marketing is the easiest step of fish farming business. There are numerous markets available where you can sell your products. And all types of fish have a huge demand in the market. After harvesting, you can easily sell the fish at any of your nearest local market. Even there are many companies available who export fish to the foreign countries. So don’t worry about marketing the products, just focus on the other steps.

In a word, commercial fish farming business is really very profitable and a good source of earning livings. If you intend to join this venture, then visit some fish farms in your area and try to have some practical knowledge.

More to Nigeria Fish Farming Business Plan

Nigeria is a home for several aquatic animals, especially fish farming. There are good habitat and climate to culture them. Nevertheless, emphasis has always been on good planning to success. Getting a business plan and a feasibility study is a great way to success in this venture.

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List of Freshwater Fish Species

The fish species which live and grow in freshwater is simply known as freshwater fish. Fish species of freshwater can’t survive in saltwater. The general name and scientific name of some freshwater fish are listed below.

  • Katla                                           Catla catla
  • Rui                                              Labeo rohita
  • Kalibaus                                      Labeo calbasu
  • Ghonia                                         Labeo gonius
  • Mrigal                                          Cirrhina mrigala
  • Nandina                                       Labeo xandina
  • Common Carp                             Cyprinus carpio
  • Sharpunti                                     Puntius sarana
  • Titpunti                                         Puntius ticto
  • Mola                                             Amblypharyngodon mola
  • Chela                                           Oxygaster phula
  • Dankina                                       Rasbora daniconius
  • Darkina                                       Esomus danricas
  • Boumach                                    Botia dario
  • Gutum                                          Lepidocephalus gortea
  • Aier                                              Mystus aor
  • Golsa Tangra                              Mystus bleekeri
  • Tangra                                         Mystus uittatus
  • Rita                                              Rita rita
  • Boal                                             Wallago attu
  • Pabda                                          Ompok pabda
  • Bele                                              Glossogobius giuris
  • Batashi                                         Pseudeutroptus atherinodes
  • Kajoli                                            Ailichthys punctata
  • Pangas                                         Pangasius pangasius
  • Magur                                           Clarias batrachus
  • African Catfish                              Clarias gariepinus
  • Shing                                             Heteropneustes fossilis
  • Gozar                                            Channa marulius
  • Shol                                             Channa striatus
  • Taki                                                Channa Punctatus
  • Kuche                                            Monoterus cuchia
  • Vheda                                            Nandus nandus
  • Tilapia                                            Telapia mossambica
  • Nilotica                                          Telapia nilotica
  • Koi                                                  Anabas testudineus
  • Kholisa                                           Colisha fasciatus
  • Tepa                                               Tetraodon cutcutia
  • Chapila                                          Gadusia chapra
  • Foli                                                 Notopterus notopterus
  • Chital                                              Notopterus chitola
  • Lobster                                           Macrobrachium rosenbergii

List of Saltwater Fish Species

The species of fish which generally live in saltwater is known as saltwater fish. This types of fish usually live in the sea, coastal area and in the rivers with saltwater. There are many saltwater fish species available. Among those species general name and scientific name of some important fish species are listed below.

  • Prawn                                         Penaeus monodon
  • Green tiger shrimp                        Penaeus semisulcatus
  • Indian white shrimp                       Penaeus Indicus
  • Horina chingri                               Metapenaeus monoceros
  • Bhetki                                          Lates calcarifer
  • Bombay duck                               Harpodon nehereus
  • Rupchanda                                   Pampus chinensis
  • Lalpoa                                          Johnius argentatus
  • Hilsa (Ilish)                                     Hilsa ilisha
  • Tuna                                             Thunnus obesus
  • Lakha                                           Polynemus Indicus
  • Dog fish                                        Scoliodon sorrakowah
  • Ribbon fish                                    Trichiurus haumela

Pond Management

Before discussing about pond management we have to know what is a pond? Generally a pond means a small collection of still water. The pond is seen almost all areas of the world. It is mostly seen in the village area. Some are also found in city area. People use the pond for different purposes. Most of those pond are used for fish cultivation. Almost all types of freshwater and saltwater fish for ponds are cultivated in the ponds. Successful fish farming depends on the pond ecosystem. The source of water can be a river, lake or other natural way like rain water and underground water.

Water source

Water source can be different but it have to have the facilities of changing weekly or monthly. It would be better if it has the facilities of replacing after every two to three months. For highest fish production the pond water should change or replace only when it would lost from evaporation or seepage. If the farmer change the whole water of the pond more and more it will reduce his production.

Pond Size

The pond can be different sized. It can be a small one or a pond of numerous hectares. Small pond design are made for meet up family animal protein supply or consumption. On the other hand the larger pond are made for commercial purposes. But a pond of giant size is not suitable for well maintenance. Before pond construction you should keep in mind about the pond culture, pond design, Pond Management and the pond supplies system.
Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan
Natural resources, condition, weather and available equipment are the main thing to look before build a pond.

Building The Pond

The farmer should build a pond where the land is situated with a gentle slope. The pond may be square or rectangular but you have to make sure that it will be free from entering water from other source and the water will never go out. The water label of the pond will always be same according to the species of the fish and it will be better if there is a resource of water where sufficient water is available all time. The pond also have to be well drained to remove all water while collecting the fish. The shore of the pond should wide enough for reducing the erosion problem.

Preventing Your Ponds From Thief

For preventing your pond fish from the thief, you should construct the pond near your residence as much as possible. The another way to keep your fish free from being theft, keep bamboo poles or tree branches with thorns in the pond, it will make impossible to collect fish with net. The bamboo poles and tree branches will not only prevent the fish from being theft but also it will serve the fish some extra natural foods. This system is generally known as periphyton based fish cultivation.

Building Ponds

Do not build a pond where the minnow is rare. The pond plants must have to be maximum. Pond plants reduces the food cost of fish cultivation. The pond ecosystem will be fish cultivation friendly. It will be free from all types of ammonia gas and full supply of oxygen. Different types of ducks can be raised in the pond and it will make sufficient oxygen supply for the fish.

Before build a pond you have to give attention in some subject. What should you do before contracting a pond are described below.

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Size of the Pond

The size of the pond depends on your farming type. If you want to cultivate fish to meet up your family needs, you can start in a small pond design. If you want to cultivate fish commercially you have to make a large one. The pond can be both square and rectangular sized. Square and rectangular sized pond are easy to build. A pond with an area of 250-300 square meter is best for family used fish pond. In commercial purposes the pond size can be any. The size of the pond should be right that which you can easily maintain.


The water depth will be 30% in one corner and 100% in another corner. Depth of the water depends on the species of fish you are cultivating. The depth of the pond can be more if you want to use it for reserving water for the dry season. What ever the depth of the pond can be but it have to have the well facilities of draining. A well drained pond is suitable for collecting fish.

Pond constructing process is the most difficult and expensive way of fish farming. A pond should construct well because it is a long deposit and a pond can be used for several years. So, think more and more before building a pond.

  • Select a suitable place for making the pond.
  • Determine the appropriate area of the pond.
  • Make the shore of the pond strong.
  • It would be better if there are no big tree near the pond.
  • Make an inlet and outlet path.
  • Make the pond fertilized before releasing minnow there.
  • Build the pond near your residence.
  • Stock minnow according to the area of your pond.
  • Make the pond where at least one natural water source is available around the year.
  • Determine the area of pond which you can easily maintain.

Fish Diseases

Almost all types of animal suffers by diseases once or more during its lifetime. Fish are not the exception. They also get affected by different types of fish diseases. Diseases are the main obstacle for successful fish farming. But due to various reasons the fish of pond and this types of source are suffers much than open source like the river and sea. So, the fish of pond suffers from different types of diseases. By using modern farming methods in fish farming we can reduce diseases in fish. The common diseases of fish and its remedy are highlighted below.

Ulcer disease of fish

The shol, gojar, taki, pumpti, bain, koi, mani, mrigel and fish of low water label are suffered by this disease. The affected fish of this disease can be identified by red spots in its skin. The shape of this spot generally increase rapidly. The tail, back side and  mouth are most affected places.If the fish infected by ulcer then the infected fish of the pond should removed immediately. The affected fish should keep in 100 g of salt mixing with 10 litters of water, then remove them to the pond again. To prevent this disease and keep the fish health well 1 kg of lime and 1 kg of salt should apply before the winter season come. This will keep the fish free from disease during the winter season.
Beginners Guide On Fish Farming Startup Business Plan

Stomach swelling

Ruhita fish and catfish are mostly affected by this disease. The main landmarks of this disease is that the color of its body become pale. Due to water storage in the stomach the belly of the fish become big sized. The fish lost the balance of its body. Affected fish moves here and there and this is the main fish symptoms of disease. The fish meet death quickly. This disease generally happens for “Aromonads” bacteria.

Water In Fish Stomach

The water from the stomach should removed by a empty syringe. After that 25 mg of clorem fenicle injection should apply for every one kg of fish or 200 mg of clorem fenicle powder may mix with the food and feed the fish. 1 kg of lime can use according to the size of the pond. In this case it is essential to use fish meal with the food of fish. Besides this it is important to ensure the natural food and sufficient supplementary food.

Getting Funds For Starting Fish Farming

Oftentimes, Getting Funds For business startups is a little bit challenging. Likewise, getting someone to invest in your business ideas is a little tasking. Even when someone is ready to invest in us, we don’t known the technical know how to write an irresistible business plans and feasibility study report to win them over. This is why we must know the steps to write a winning business plans and a feasibility study reports. Click here to learn more

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