Broilers Poultry Production And Actual Vaccination

Broilers Poultry Production And Actual Vaccination

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Broilers Poultry Production And Actual Vaccination

Introduction To Broilers Poultry Production And Actual Vaccination

Broiler is one of the birds noted for their fast growth. But for its parent stock, rare species imported mainly from Israel. Broiler requires adequate attention and carefulness, but any act of carelessness can wipe out the whole stock.

Apart from the hygiene, care should be taken in feeding, vaccination and medication of the birds to enhance qualitative production. Broiler is reared for meat production, and it should be ready for market within eight mouths. As farmers, our task is to map out guidelines or strategies for a profitable broiler production.

BROODING

This is the most important days of a bird life span. Its period is between the first day and the end of fourth week. Any mistake make during this period may result in the latter days of the bird i.e. if they live up to that age.

THE BROODING HOUSE

This is a special house where the
chicks are kept. It is to be noted here that the chicks may not necessarily be
the ones that are hatched from one’s farm. We have to note that when house are
built it should be spacious enough to accommodate big birds.
Space required per bird.
0 – 4TH WEEK      –
50 BIRDS PER SQUARE METER
5TH WEEK            –      35 BIRDS PER SQUARE METER
8TH WEEK TO SLAUGHTER –
15/20 PER SQ, M
Broilers Poultry Production And Actual Vaccination
BROODERS HOUSE
 ACTUAL VACCINATION – PROGRAMME AND
TREATMENT
DAYS/WEEKS
TREATMENT
 DISEASE
1ST week 1ST
day
Antistree
2nd week 8 days
Lasota vaccination
Newcastle
3rd week
Gumboro vaccination
Gumboro
22 day
Lasota vaccination
 Newcastle
26 – 28 day
Coccidiostat
Coccidiosis
31st day
Gumboro vaccination
Gumboro
34 – 36 day
Coccidioste
Coccidosis
52 day
Lasota vaccination
Newcastle
Week 9
Fwol pox vaccination
Fwol pox
73 rd day
Demorm 3month
Wormazine
76 – 78 day
Coccidistat
Coccidistat
89 day
Lasota vaccination
Newcastle
115
N.D.V.K injection
Newcastle
3rd month
Deworm
Wormazine
Week 31
Lasota vaccination
Newcastle
Week 36
Deworm
Wormazine
Week 40
Lasota vaccination
Newcastle
Week 41
Water vitamin
Vitamin

PREPARATION FOR NEW BIRDS

MATERIALS NEEDED FOR BROODING:

Materials needed for brooding includes wood shavings, drinker, feeds, stoves, Hoovers, kerosene, matches,scales, mats, nylons, vaccines, syringes, buckets, wheelbarrow, disinfectants for washing the drinkers e.t.c. All this materials must arrive before the day of the arrival of the chicks.

FOUR DAYS TO THE ARRIVAL OF THE BIRDS

1.     Disinfect the whole house and the wood shavings;
  • Spread the wood shavings evenly on the floor, the depth must not be less than 2 inches, the area to cover is dependent on number of birds being.
  • Place the hoovers around area to be used at different locations to disseminate the heat.
  • Provide flat drinkers and feeders / check the feed supply too. Cover the brooding house with the black nylon and mats.

ARRIVAL DAY

Four hours before the arrival, put on the stove, place them under the hoovers and get the scale and the vitamins ready

WHEN THEY ARRIVE

The first thing is to weigh them to know their weight. Sample weights of 10, 20 and 30 can be taken. Count the number of birds supplied and vitamin is given in water for the birds and feed.

Cage System on Perfect Poultry Business Plan & A Feasibility Study In Nigeria

This system involves rearing of poultry on raised wire netting floor in smaller compartments, called cages, either fitted with stands on floor of house or hanged from the roof.  It has been proved very efficient for laying operations, right from day-old to till disposal.  Furthermore, 75% of commercial layers in the world today uses cages. Feeders and water trough are attached to cages from outside except nipple water drinker. Similarly, water pipeline is installed on top of the cages.  Auto-operated feeding trolleys and egg collection belts can also be used in this rearing system.  The droppings are either collected in trays underneath cages or on belts or on the floor or deep pit under cages, depending on type of cages.

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Advantages

  • Minimum floor space
  • More number of eggs per hen
  • Less feed wastage
  • Better feed efficiency
  • Protection from internal parasites and soil borne illnesses
  • Sick and unproductive birds can be easily identified and eliminated.
  • Clean eggs production
  • Vices like egg eating, pecking is minimal.
  • Broodiness is minimal
  • No need of litter material
  •  Artificial Insemination (AI) can be adopted.

 

Disadvantages

  • High initial investment cost.
  • Handling of manure may be problem. Generally, flies become a greater nuisance.

 

The incidence of blood spots in egg is more

Problem of cage layer fatigue. (It is a condition, in which laying birds in cages develop lameness.  It may be due to Ca and P deficiency but the exact reason is not known)

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In case of broilers, incidence of breast blisters is more, especially when the broilers weight is more than 1.5 kg.

Types of cages

Based on the number of birds in a cage, it is classified as

  • Firstly, Single or individual bird cage (Only one bird in a cage)
  • Secondly, Multiple bird cage (From 2 to 10 birds, usually 3 or 4 birds per cage)
  • Lastly, Colony cages (Holding birds more than 11 per cage)

 

Based on the number of rows

  • Single-deck
  • Double-deck
  • Triple-deck
  • Four-deck
  • Flat-deck

Based on arrangement of cages

1) Stair-step cages

  1. a) M-type cages
  2. b) L-type cages

2) Battery cages (Vertical cages)

Based on the type of bird reared

Brooder / chick cages

  • Grower cages
  • Layer cages
  • Breeder cages

 

Floor space requirements

Type Age
(in weeks)
Deep-litter
(ft2)
Cages
(ft2)
Egg-type chicken 0-8 0.60 0.20
9-18 1.25 0.30
>18 1.50 0.50
Meat-type chicken 0-4 0.30 --
4-8 0.75 --

Battery cage system For Sale

On Our battery cage specifically, We have for cold galvanized and hot Galvanized

On cold galvanized; we have;

  • Height: 84inches (7ft)
  • Length: 71inches (actual) including water rubber tank (78 inches) (6.5ft)
  • Width: 116inches (2.94m)
  • Each cell is 14inches by 16inches.

 

On Hot Galvanized, we have;

6.56ft long. 6.56ft wide. 5.4ft height

Irrespective of your poultry pen, we can customize our battery cage system to suite your size.

Poultry battery cages dungs Management

More on Poultry Battery Cage Repairers

Poultry Battery Cages get bad when they are expose to adverse weather condition that causes them to rust. Once they becomes rusted, there is need to replace them. If not, your cages may begin to breakdown. Our technicians are well trained to handle sure task.  Contact us right away to help you out.

Poultry Battery Cage Repair

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