Catfish Farming Smart Free Guide

Catfish Farming Smart Free Guide for all fish farming community. Firstly, there are different species of catfish farming you can engage in. Likewise, deciding the species to begin with is the first step to engage. Nevertheless, it will depend on the size of your pond. The type of system you wish to operate. Finally, your targeted market. If you want to start a large catfish farm, you must have a large amount of capital.Our eBook titled; ” how to own, mange and make million from catfish Production’ will add a plus to your business startup. Place your order now!

Catfish Farming Smart Free Guide

More To Catfish Farming Smart Free Guide

Furthermore, there are More to Catfish Farming Smart Free Guide. A commercial catfish farm will require 80-100 acres of land and about quarter of a million dollars to successfully run a commercial catfish farm. However, a small farm will need fewer amounts of land and smaller capital. If you want to start small, you might begin with a small pond or you can start from a pond that you already have. A larger pond will yield more profit per pond and can grow larger fish, thereby making the expenses less per pound of fish. Larger farms can buy supplies in bulk which saves on overhead costs.

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Advantages of Using a Tarpaulin Fish Pond | Fish Tank in Nigeria

1. It is non-toxic and non-corrosive.
2. It can hold water for as long as you want.
3. It can easily be removed and carried to another location.
4. Ideal for people who live in rented apartments.
5. The use of the mobile ponds is cheaper compared to concrete tanks.
6. It is an ideal pond for a starter or anyone who wants to start small.
7. Not only ideal for fish farm but also for backyard snail project or snail project on a rented apartment
9. Ideal for Shrimps, prawns, all tropical fishes including Clarias gariepinus, Hetero Branches Longifillis, Hetero Clarias, Other Catfish, Tilapia & Chichlid species.

Tarpaulin Fish Pond | Fish Tank in Nigeria Disadvantages

But Tarpaulin Fish Pond also has its disadvantages. Though very minute, but the greatest problem or disadvantage of Tarpaulin Fish Pond, is that it could easily get tore. That is just the fact. That is why you must take a bold step to buy the quality Tarpaulin Fish Pond. The original one. Otherwise you spend twice. If you get the quality one, it would last you for many years than you could imagine. Don’t just go for the cheap Tarpaulin Pond. Except you don’t wish to do the business for long. Patronize us, unlike others, we don’t compromise quality. You will definitely get the best. that you will look back to after some years and be happy you did make a good choice.


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You Need An Aerator

Furthermore, you will also need an aerator. An electric aerator is fine if you have electricity available. But if electricity is not available at your farm location, think about alternative sources of energy.  Such as gas or diesel run aerators. If you have a large pond already of about 0.25 acres, you can use that as your startup pond. You will have to make some modifications to it. A catfish pond must have smooth bottom, be clean and have a gradual slope.

For Those Using Earthen Ponds

Furthermore, Earthen ponds are also good to do your fish farming business. It is the oldest system of doing fish farming business. Although is more stressful and sometimes difficult to manage, it still has its own benefit. One alarming benefit is; the ability of fishes to feed on more zooplankton.

Catfish ponds must have 20%-30% clay in the soil by weight to minimize seepage. You should allow excessive water to drain out of the pond. Make sure that your spillways allow 1-2 inches of water to run off at a time. Your pond depth should be 3 feet at the shallow end and 8 feet at the deep end. Too shallow of a pond may encourage weed growth.

Marketing Plans

To start your marketing plan, determine what type of catfish you will focus on. If you plan to have a large catfish farm, try selling your fish to fish processing plants. Many farmers are able to buy shares of the fish processing plants to which they sell their fish. Your profit per pound might be smaller but you will make up the money through volume.

If you decide to keep your catfish operation smaller, try targeting direct local customers in your area. Start with your relatives, friends and family. Many customers are interested in buying fresh fish directly from the farm instead of buying frozen and packaged fish.

Prepare A Business Plan

Make sure to construct a detailed feasibility report of your farm, where you will have details about your capital, expenses, and profit. Your feasibility report should include all essential items needed for your catfish farm operation and production annually, such as work force, feed, fuel, equipment, supplies, overheads, utilities, repairs and emergency funds. You will need a business plan if you want to secure financing for your business from a lender. You may also have to pay expenses such as interests on your mortgage, loans, and insurance and finance charges if you already have a loan or mortgage on your property or secured financing for your business. Make sure to include an estimate of costs of additional pumps, building construction, vehicles, feed bins and tractors.

Catfish Farming Smart Free Guide

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Legal Documents

Research on what permits and licensing you will need to start your business as a catfish farmer. Talk to other fish farmers in your area. Hire a consultant to help you with your paperwork or permits. A business consultant can often make things easier for you in exchange for a small fee. Make sure you meet all the state requirements regarding drainage, building, retail, tax, and other types of permits that they may need.

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Catfish Farming Smart Free Guide


Health And Environmental Concerns

Keep your fish healthy. Likewise, make a point to detect early signs of diseases. Furthermore, take the necessary actions to prevent them. Follow safety guidelines and medication regulations for your fish farm. Know what chemicals are safe to use. Likewise, Know how to treat diseases and the water in an eco-friendly manner to treat diseases and pests. Several chemicals such as copper sulfate, formalin, hydrogen peroxide, and povidone iodine are FDA approved. Furthermore, they are safe to use in your pond for treating catfish diseases.

Catfish farming in Nigeria Generally

Catfish farming is the act of growing one of the diverse group of ray-finned fish for commercial purpose in Nigeria. This involves building earthen, concrete or tarpaulin ponds, stocking the fingernails or juveniles and feeding the fish till market size.

For Nigerians

If you’re in Nigeria and you are considering fish farming. You are welcome to our community. Join Us lets grow together.

In this tutorial, I will be explaining in detail many things you need to know and understand about catfish farming in Nigeria. Likewise, how you can make money through this business.

Introduction Catfish Farming in Nigeria Scenario

There are hundreds species of fishes among which are; sea trout, cyprinids, pangas catfish, silver seabream, common carp, catla, greasy grouper, bighead carp, Nile tilapia, grass carp, etc. but most of them are not suitable for fish farming in Nigeria.

Most Commonly Seen Fisheries In Nigeria

The most commonly seen fisheries in Nigeria are catfish and tilapia farming. Nevertheless, catfish farming business is the commonest. This is because, catfish has high adaptability in Nigeria. Furthermore, it is easily farm in warm climate like Africa, North America, Asia, etc.

More On Catfish Species

Catfish (also known as siluriformes) as well has different species. Some of which are; blue catfish, channel catfish, flathead catfish, heteroclarias, clarias nigro-digitatus, clarias spp and over 300 other species. Catfish is considered a bottom-feeding fish. They are found in freshwater and coastal region around the world.

Catfish Are Carnivorous In Nature

Catfish does has a carnivorous diet. It feeds on insects, worms that are close to the river (or pond), along with amphibians such as frogs and newts. Occasionally they also feed on small reptiles and mammals.

Catfish Prey

Catfish farmer also need to be aware that some enemies as well prey on catfish, depending on its size and specie. If you don`t know about these predators, your catfish farming business may end in woe. Bigger fishes, bigger reptiles, mammals and even birds could kill and eat catfish. if situation accommodates their presence together.

Natural Catfish Spawning

Female catfish spawn (that is; lay eggs) close to the surface of the water where they are safe from other bottom-dwelling aquatic animals. Female catfish spawn between 10-90 eggs at a time and hatch in less than a week. Get A full details on natural and artificial spawning on catfish. Our eBook titled; ” how to own, mange and make million from catfish Production’ will add a plus to your business startup even to catfish hatching/spawning. Place your order now!

Catfish Farming Smart Free Guide


Catfish farming is a branch of pisciculture. It`s major form of aquaculture, farming of aquatic organisms like fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants. (Forgive me please, if you hate all these academic terminologies).

What a catfish farmer does is to buy catfish juvenile, nurture them for good growth and sell them at profit

9 Steps to Starting Catfish Farming in Nigeria

  • Decide what size your catfish farm will be.

I don`t know what your plan is or who you are. But I’m sure you do. For instance if you`re an employee trying to start a little business by the side. Likewise, you`re having a little capital, and you may decide to start a little backyard catfish farm by using tank or tarpaulin as your pond. You are welcome to our community.

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More To Tarpaulin Fish Pond | Fish Tank in Nigeria

Among all the types of Fish Ponds, Tarpaulin Fish Pond comes last in the “evolution” of fish ponds and solved the problem (disadvantages) every other previous ponds faced… It’s flexible, mobile, and most cost effective. It saves you lots of times, money and efforts than those other types of Fish Ponds.

Advantages And Disadvantages To Starting With A Big Catfish Farm

There are advantages and disadvantages to starting with a big catfish farm. One major advantage is, you can produce cheaper fish because you can reduce the cost of feeds by buying in bulk or by even having a section of your company producing fish feeds.

The major disadvantage to starting big is that if you`re starting out you`re inexperienced. Starting big could be harmful

Understand catfish farming’s market in your area.

Since your objective is to make profit, you have to investigate the level of demand for the catfish in your area. If you`re planning of locating your catfish farm elsewhere other than your immediate environment, you have to go to your intending market and do some market research.

Try and find out the market price of an average catfish, the level of demand and (maybe) the time of the year catfish sell most. One very important thing to note is that, your fish needs a ready market.

Market women, hotels, restaurants are the target places you should look into.

Fish is not a durable product that can be stored. Furthermore, they can only be sold as fresh livestock. If you`re not having a ready market, you may be forced to keep many grown up fishes in your pond. You will still be feeding them while they should have been sold. This is reducing your profit. Worst, when the fishes in your pond grow to a point where the environment is too crowded for them, you may be expecting some disease outbreak.

So, make sure you research properly about the market in your environment before investing into the catfish production.

Get your likely cost of starting a catfish farming of your intending size.

If you do number 2 above very well, you must have understood your intending market. You must have understood how much you`re likely to sell xxx numbers of catfish. You must have understood how high the demand for your product. catfish, is in your market.

The next thing to do is to try and know your cost.

Just as I wrote in our tutorial about fish farming in Nigeria, the cost of any business is very relative. It`s relative because the environments are different. The amount you buy certain things (i.e. fish feed) in town “X” may not be what you`ll buy the same thing in town “Y”.

Now that you want to get the cost of starting a catfish farming in Nigeria, especially your environment, you`ll have to familiarize yourself with the economic situations in your vicinity.

The best way to do this is to move out and ask questions.

You`ll want to get the cost of things you need to get started. If you`re planning to start big, you may need a bole hole, a tank, a fish pond, dependable electricity to pump water and some staff to work with you.

You will as well have to get the price of the feeds you`ll need for your catfish.

The reason why I usually avoid talking about the cost or price on this website is because cost, price or profit are all relative.

Take for instance, the amount you`ll need to acquire an acre of land to build a fish pond in Lagos may be enough to take care of all your cost in certain part of Oyo state and the price you will sell an average catfish in Abuja may be what you`ll sell two in Kogi.

With this understanding, you`ll see that it doesn`t make a lot of sense to conclude that xxx naira is what you`ll need to start a catfish farming business and xxx naira is what you`ll make.

The best (I think), is to advise you to go out and investigate both your cost and your likely profit.

How much can a concrete pond be built in your environment? How much can you get a bole hole done? Better still use a Tarpaulin Mobile Pond to Conserve your Land.

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How much can you get a tank to store water? Then, how much can you get 100, 500 or 1000 catfish juveniles?

Know who your competitors are

I cannot forget reading a book about war, called The Art of War by Sun Tzu, a war strategist. The author said, if you understand your enemy and yourself, you`ll win all battles.

Likewise, I have said it before that business is a war. Business is about winning market share. Are there some fisheries in your market before? Most likely they are.

How are they doing? How much of the market demand are they satisfying? Where in your market is yet to be served? Is there any way you could attract more fish retailers to your farm?

Furthermore, can your have your farm where the cost of labour is reduced?

Also, can you produce your catfish feeds yourself so you can cut down cost of input? Likewise, selling at a cheaper price?

All these factors are what you`ll need to consider before venturing into catfish farming in Nigeria. If you don’t, you may fail.

Don’t build your catfish pond yourself, if you don’t know how to.

The catfish pond should be built according to the standard requires to ensure that your fish grow well. Consult some nearby catfish farmers who have ponds for advice. Even if every other thing is alright, a bad pond can kill your profit.

Acquire knowledge, learn and seek a mentor.

If you`re like most Africans, you probably hate to read. Africans hate knowledge, and that`s the major reason why many of us are poor. I don`t want to preach too much here but let me use this instance to explain what I mean.

I`m presently competing in a market. I have taken my time to research my major competitors and discovered they`re two (others can easily be overthrown).

Since they`ve been in this business 5-6 years ahead of me, you can assume that it will take me eternity to win them.

You`re wrong. They are Africans.

After some findings about them I found out that they lack some vital business skills. Though I will have to work hard, but in matter of twelve months, I should pull them off. simply by knowing what they don`t know.

To say that Knowledge is power is an understatement.

Business knowledge can be the difference between someone who makes #50,000 per month and another person who makes #500,000 per month.

Business is a war, I’ve said that before.

The weapon we`re using is knowledge. If I have some deep knowledge about catfish breeding and farming, marketing, negotiation, leadership etc. and you want to compete with me, having no business knowledge, I will kill you in the market place.

It`s compulsory you educate yourself in the art of business.

Read very good business books (you may click here), ask people questions, find a mentor if you can or you`ll employ someone who is experienced and make him your partner

Take Care Of Your Feeds And Water For Your Catfish

Catfish is known as freshwater animal. Poor quality water alone can kill your catfish farming business. The best sources of water are borehole and river. Rain water and tap water from treated source is not good for your fish.

You`ll also need to check to be sure that your water is not acidic. Acidic water is bad for fish. To check this, you`ll need to buy a PH meter, read your water and see the acid level.

Also about the feeds. Your fish must be well feed. Your feeds should contain proper nutrients like lysine, arginine and methionine. Some farmers use local meals to feed their catfish.

This idea may be good provided those meals contain the required nutrients your fish need. You have to remember to increase your fish feeds as they grow, or else, you`ll underfeed them.

Keep Records For Every Area Of Your Catfish Business

Generally speaking, record keeping is an integral part of every business. There is no exception here.

Keep perfect records of your cost, expenses and the number of fish in certain pond. As a matter of rule, record keeps you aware about your progress and success.

Watch out for catfish diseases

We human beings get sick, so do animals. Just as you`ll want to take a diligent care of your little child, so must you take care of your animals in aquaculture business.

Fish is a very delicate animal, just like chickens. You have to watch out for symptoms of diseases.

When you observe symptoms like inactivity, loss of colour, frayed fins, bloated body, cloud eyes, open sores, red streaks throughout body, difficult breathing, reddening or inflammation of skin etc., you can suspect bacterial infections.

Fungal infections (often secondary to another type of illness) could reveal symptoms such as: scratching, erratic swimming, darting, etc.

Parasitic infections could reveal symptoms such as: loss of appetite, visible spots or worms, rapid breathing, scratching, inactivity, excess mucus or film on body, etc.

All these possible diseases require that a catfish farmer pays attention to details and takes care of his fishes as his children.

Disease is your single biggest enemy that stands against the success of your catfish farming business because disease outbreak could lead to loss of a whole catfish farm.

Make sure you spend some time in a catfish farm nearer to you or wherever you have a guidance or mentor.

Ask questions, so many questions and get the phone number of someone you can call to ask more questions as you`ll continue learning how to breed catfish properly.

My last words…

It`s always better to walk slowly when you don`t know the road very well. Everyone going into business wants to make money… fast… yet, there is a learning curve.

I visited a friend of mine sometimes ago and saw his little poultry which contained about 10 chickens.

While discussing, he told me he was using them to learn how chicken behave and grow, what challenges must be dealt with etc.

That man is very wise.

I really wish you best as you`ll be going into catfish farming in Nigeria.

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