Decision to Become a Catfish Farmer
Decision to Become a Catfish Farmer. Firstly, to help you determine if catfish farming is feasible for you in your particular situation, a checklist is provided below. It does not cover all of the possibilities, but it does list most of the important considerations. Answering “yes” to all or most of the questions does not guarantee success, just as answering “no” does not mean failure.
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Do you already have suitable ponds or a pond site?
Do you have most of
the equipment (tractors, pumps, storage building, etc.) needed?
Do you have the
necessary financial resources (about $3000/acre investment and $2500/acre annual
Have you made an
estimate of investment costs and annual cost and return?
Have you estimated the
impact of changes in fish prices and feed costs on projected income?
Will current interest
rates and interest costs on investment and operating capital permit a
Will the expected
profit provide an adequate return for your labor, management and risk?
Is catfish farming the
best alternative for the land you intend to use?
Can you afford to
forego income until you sell your first crop (usually 15-24 months after
Have you looked at
record systems available and picked one best suited to your situation?
Can you afford to
absorb occasional losses?
Are you willing to
devote the time and effort required?
Do you know of an
established market for your fish?
Is there a market for
your fish at the time of year you plan to sell them?
Will you have
harvesting and transport equipment, or do you have a suitable arrangement for
harvesting your fish?
Will you be able to
harvest fish year round?
Do you have an
alternative marketing strategy?
Will the soil hold
Is the topography of
the land suitable for pond construction?
Is there adequate
ground water close enough to the surface for catfish farming or is the amount of
rain run-off from your watershed sufficient?
Is the water quality
suitable for fish farming?
Is the pond area
protected from flooding?
Are the drains in
existing ponds adequate for rapid draining?
Can you prevent wild
fish from entering the pond?
Is there daily access
to the ponds, regardless of weather, for feeding, treating, and harvesting?
Is the pond bottom
suitable for harvesting (smooth and stump free)?
Will someone live
close enough to the pond to allow frequent observation and necessary
A large number of
information requests that are received by Extension Offices for fish farming
are from non-farming, urban residents. Most farmers were born and raised on a
farm. Very few learned how to farm as an adult. This puts the non-farmer at a considerable
disadvantage. Non-farmers will need to go through a period of on-the-job
training. Are you the kind of person who does most of the maintenance and
repair work? Can you put up with outdoor work during bad weather and odd hours?
If so, great these are skills and tolerances you will need on a fish farm. If
not, you may wish to reconsider before getting into fish farming. In addition,
farming today requires much more than just being able to produce a crop.
Successful farmers must have a sound understanding of the economics of their operation;
keep good records and work to find the best markets for their product.
Are good quality feeds
available at competitive prices?
Is there a convenient
source for drugs and chemicals?
available at competitive prices?
Can you make or
purchase needed aeration equipment?
Is dependable labor
diagnostic service available?
Do you have adequate
storage facilities for feed?
Are you aware of the
government agencies that can provide you with educational and technical
For help and assistance towards
catfish farming generally, contact chris farm Nigeria below the advertisement.
Bestselling book on fishery;
- Firstly, how to own a catfish farm
- How to manage a catfish farm
- Lastly, how to own, manage, and make millions from catfish farming business (our best seller)
- Title Page
- Table of Content
Chapter One: Introduction
is catfish different from other fishes?
1.3 Fish classification
- Giant Catfish of the World
- Scientific classification
- Catfish Family
- Larval production
- The culture system
- Feed and Feeding
- Hybridization of catfish
- Culture system modification
- Prospect and problems of cultured fish
4.0 How to own a Mega fish farm Business
- standard features of a fish pond
- Types of pond
- Earthen (Natural) Pond
- Concrete Pond
- Tarpaulin/Plastic/Mobile Pond
- Step in fish Pond establishment
- Important of liming
- Fertilizing a pond
- Fish Pond management
- Fish Stocking
- Stocking of fish can take the form of mono/poly-culture
- channel catfish
- Species of channel catfish
- Life cycle of channel catfish
- The Electric Catfish
- Feeding in electric catfish
- Firing in electric fish
- Importance tips in managing electric catfish
- African Giant catfish
- Habits of African catfish in the wide
- Natural spawning in the wide
- Rearing of African giant catfish
- Hatching techniques in catfish
- materials needed for (hatching) spawning
- Prerequisite for (Hatching) spawning in catfish
- Steps in (hatching) spawning
- Some reasons why spawning (Hatching) falls
- Characteristics of catfish stages
- Transportation of catfish
- Fish Management
- How to identify oxygen Depletion in ponds
- Questions most people ask about catfish management
- Fish parasite and Diseases
- Fish Disease
- Causes of Diseases
- Types of Disease
- Firstly, fish preservation
- Method of fish preservation
- Fish salting
- Drying and Dehydration
- Also, fish smoking
- How to smoke fish
- How to make millions from catfish production
- Marketing strategy
- How to sustain millions in catfish business
List of figures
Firstly, fig.1.1 Labeled diagram of a typical tilapia fish
Secondly, fig 1.2 labeled diagram of a typical catfish
Thirdly, fig 1.3 Labeled diagram of a typical external anatomy of a tilapia fish
Fig 1.4 Labeled diagram of a typical external anatomy of a carpio cyprisnus
Also, fig 1.5 Labeled diagram of a typical internal anatomy of a tilapia fish
Similarly, fig 1.6 Typical example of catfish
Likewise, fig 8.1 Diagram of electric catfish organs
Likewise, fig 9.1 claries gariepinus sample
Fig 9.2 Heterobranchus Bidorsal Sample
Also, fig 10.1 Diagram on how to inject the catfish
Similarly, fig 10.2 Diagram on how to extract the milt (sperm) from catfish
Lastly, fig 10/3 Diagram on how to strip off eggs from catfish and
to fertilize them
List of tables
Firstly, table 2.1 scientific classification of catfish
Table 3.1 catfish families
Furthermore, table 5.1 table showing water retention in soil
Table 8.1 scientific classification of electric catfish
Also, table 9.1 African Giant catfish
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