Effect Of Different Rates Of Poultry Manure / Get A Business Plan

Effect Of Different Rates Of Poultry Manure / Get A Business Plan

Effect Of Different Rates Of Poultry Manure / Get A Business Plan. Firstly, A field experiment was conducted to access different rates of poultry manure (0kg/plot, 4kg/plot,8kg/plot
and 12kg/plot) on the growth and yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench). Likewise, an improve variety of okra. A Clemson spinless was planted at the teaching and research farm of the  faculty of Agriculture , Enugu State University of Science and Technology. It was arrange in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with five (5) and four (4) treatments which include o kg/plot. 4kg/plot,8kg/plot and 12kg/plot of poultry manure.

Cage System on Perfect Poultry Business Plan & A Feasibility Study In Nigeria

This system involves rearing of poultry on raised wire netting floor in smaller compartments, called cages. Either fitted with stands on floor of house or hanged from the roof.  It has been proved very efficient for laying operations. Especially from day-old to disposal.  Furthermore, 75% of commercial layers in the world today uses cages. Feeders and water trough are attached to cages from outside except nipple water drinker. Similarly, water pipeline is installed on top of the cages.  Auto-operated feeding trolleys and egg collection belts can also be used in this rearing system.  The droppings are either collected in trays underneath cages or on belts or on the floor or deep pit under cages, depending on type of cages.



  • Minimum floor space
  • More number of eggs per hen
  • Less feed wastage
  • Better feed efficiency
  • Protection from internal parasites and soil borne illnesses
  • Sick and unproductive birds can be easily identified and eliminated.
  • Also, Clean eggs production
  • Vices like egg eating, pecking is minimal.
  • Broodiness is minimal
  • No need of litter material
  • Lastly,  Artificial Insemination (AI) can be adopted.
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  • High initial investment cost.
  • Handling of manure may be problem. Generally, flies become a greater nuisance.


The incidence of blood spots in egg is more

Problem of cage layer fatigue. (It is a condition, in which laying birds in cages develop lameness.  It may be due to Ca and P deficiency but the exact reason is not known)

In case of broilers, incidence of breast blisters is more, especially when the broilers weight is more than 1.5 kg.

Types of cages

Based on the number of birds in a cage, it is classified as

  • Firstly, Single or individual bird cage (Only one bird in a cage)
  • Secondly, Multiple bird cage (From 2 to 10 birds, usually 3 or 4 birds per cage)
  • Lastly, Colony cages (Holding birds more than 11 per cage)


Based on the number of rows

  • Single-deck
  • Double-deck
  • Triple-deck
  • Four-deck
  • Lastly, Flat-deck

Based on arrangement of cages

1) Stair-step cages

a) M-type cages

b) L-type cages

2) Battery cages (Vertical cages)

Based on the type of bird reared

Brooder / chick cages

  • Grower cages
  • Layer cages
  • Breeder cages


Floor space requirements

Type Age
(in weeks)
Egg-type chicken 0-8 0.60 0.20
9-18 1.25 0.30
>18 1.50 0.50
Meat-type chicken 0-4 0.30 --
4-8 0.75 --

Battery cage system For Sale

On Our battery cage specifically, We have for cold galvanized and hot Galvanized

On cold galvanized; we have;

  • Height: 84inches (7ft)
  • Length: 71inches (actual) including water rubber tank (78 inches) (6.5ft)
  • Width: 116inches (2.94m)
  • Finally, each cell is 14inches by 16inches.
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On Hot Galvanized, we have;

6.56ft long. 6.56ft wide. 5.4ft height

Irrespective of your poultry pen, we can customize our battery cage system to suite your size.

More on Poultry Battery Cage Repairers

Furthermore, Poultry Battery Cages get bad when they are expose to adverse weather condition that causes them to rust. Once they becomes rusted, there is need to replace them. If not, your cages may begin to breakdown. Our technicians are well trained to handle sure task.  Contact us right away to help you out.

More On Effect Of Different Rates Of Poultry Manure / Get A Business Plan

Furthermore, Parameter measured at different growth stages of 2,4,and 8. WAP include plant height (cm),number of leaves  Area Index, number of fruit showed  fruit weight. There were significant differences among treatments in the height of plant, number of leaves, number
of fruit and fruits weight.
Furthermore, with increase in poultry manure application. There were gradual increase in plant height, number of leaves, number of fruits and fruits. Likewise, this weight from 2 to 8 WAP. Treatment (4) had the highest values in plant height and number of leaves. The economic yield of okra number of fruits and fruit weight was significantly higher in T4 (12kg/plot) than in the other treatments while the fruit yield of T1 (0kg/plot) significantly depressed. This study showed that 12kg/plot seem to perform better for the growth and yield of okra in Enugu, and it should be recommended to farmers growing okra in this locality.


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Effect Of Different Rates Of Poultry Manure / Get A Business Plan

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