Goat Farming Tips For Beginners

Goat Farming Tips For Beginners is a free article for all. Firstly, we want you to succeed in the business. With that in Mind, we are giving out some free Goat Farming Tips For Beginners. These article covers areas like; Getting Funds For Starting Goat Farming, Goat Farming Business Plans And Feasibility Study, Goat Characteristics, Domestic Goat’s Physical Characteristics, Domestic Goat’s Lifestyle Characteristics, Domestic Goat’s Lifestyle Characteristics, Wild Goat’s Lifestyle Characteristics, Why Do Bucks Smell So Bad, Buck Smell, When Do Bucks Stink?

Preventing the Stench, Wethering, Pregnancy In Goats, Crossbreeding, Mating systems, Guide On Goat Gestation And Kidding, Goat Kidding, Goat Kidding Signs, Genitals & Udder, Guide On Newborn Goats Nursing, Weak Kid Syndrome, Enlarged Udders, Bottle Feeding, Starts On How To Milk A Goat, Grass For Goats, Guide To Goat Predators, Goat Predator Control and others.


More On Goat Farming Tips For Beginners

Oftentimes, New goat farmers buys some Buck and does to begin a farm. S/he doesn’t know how Goat behaves or some characteristics of Goat. We are going to take you through that. Secondly, when the doe comes on heat or how to manage the gestation period of the doe. With this in mind, we are giving out some tips to help you get started. want to learn more on Goat Management in a whole Click Here.

Getting Funds For Starting Goat Farming

Oftentimes, Getting Funds For business startups is a little bit challenging. Likewise, getting someone to invest in your business ideas is a little tasking. Even when someone is ready to invest in us, we don’t known the technical know how to write an irresistible business plans and feasibility study report to win them over. This is why we must know the steps to write a winning business plans and a feasibility study reports. Click here to learn more

Writing Your Own Proposals On Business Plans And Feasibility Study Report For Loan Or Grant

There are more to it that meets the eyes. Below is a free video, Watch for free and subscribe. Its good to understand the distinct difference between business plans and  feasibility study. This will guide you when you write one.

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Goat Farming Business Plans And Feasibility Study

Firstly, Goat Farming Business plans and Feasibility Study is a must for all Farmers. When we fail to plan, we just plan to fail. Planing Your Goat farming Business well gives you a target and a vision to pursue. write one for yourself or engage a professional to write one for you.

Do You Need A Business Plan And A Feasibility Study To Raise Fund For Your Business?

We can carry out research and develop MBA grade business plan that you can present to a bank or any investor. Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.

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Goat Characteristics



Learning about goat characteristics is very useful for goat Farming. Goats are the common and mostly raised domestic or farm animals. They are also awesome as pets. There are two types of goats available in the nature. The common domestic goats (Capra hircus) and the wild goats (Capra aegagrus). Although all domestic goats are the result of taming of the wild goats.

Wild goats live throughout the eastern Europe and in southwestern and central parts of Asia. Wild goats are similar to their domesticated counterparts but their characteristics are different from the domesticated goats. Here I am describing about physical and lifestyle characteristics of both domestic and wild goats.

Domestic Goat’s Physical Characteristics

There are numerous domestic goat breeds available around the world. On an average, domestic goat can weights around 15 kg to 130 kg depending on the breeds. Coat color vary depending on the breeds. Usually most common colors in domestic goats include black, brown, red, tan and white. Some goats also have several different colors in their body. Most of the domestic goats have horns and beards. Usually male goats tend to be larger than the female.
Goat Farming Tips For Beginners

Domestic Goat’s Lifestyle Characteristics

There are numerous breeds of domestic goats are available throughout the world. And there are many farms available who are raising these goats. Managing domestic goats is very easy. You can easily manage them if you have sufficient amount of grass or other greens around your farm. Domestic goats are very friendly in nature and gentle. They can be easily raised because of their tame nature. If you limit your domestic goats inside a fence which is free from predators, they will live and grow there happily. Goats are grazing creatures by nature and consume a lot of greens and grass (both fresh and dry). Domestic goats also love to eat various types of leaves and grains. And they love to live in a clean environment.

Wild Goat’s Physical Characteristics

Wild goats are mountain-dwelling creatures and comparatively tendinous than the domestic goats. Generally wild goat weights around 130 to 300 pounds depending on the species. They have very thick and rough fur. The color of their fur vary depending on the species like domestic goats. Generally they have brown, black, gray, red and white colored fur in their body. Like the domestic goats, the colors on the coats of wild goats are different. Male wild goat has large horns. Although both male and female have horns, but female has smaller horns than the male. Horns of wild goats also bigger than the horns of domestic goats. And both male and female wild goats have beard.
Goat Farming Tips For Beginners

Wild Goat’s Lifestyle Characteristics

Wild goats are also available in many countries around the world. But they are highly available in Asia and Europe. They live in conifer forests and in the rugged montane regions. They consume almost everything that they find edible in front of them in the forest. Their diet includes grass, various types of leaves, berries, tree barks, foliage, twigs and other types of greens. They also like dry and clean place for living.

Why Do Bucks Smell So Bad

Billy goats or the bucks are the intact male goats. If you have bucks in your herd, then you might noticed that your bucks smell really very bad. They stink with a peculiar odor. And it can be quite offensive to the people, especially who have not been around goats. The does (female goats) and wethers (castrated male goats) do not exhibit such odors. But do you know, why do bucks smell so bad? Read details below about the reasons of why do bucks smell so bad.

Buck Smell

Usually bucks always stink with a strong peculiar musky odor. This musky odor usually come from both their urine and scent glands. Their scent glands is located near their horns. Bucks usually spray their urine on their beards, chest, face and front legs during rut (the time period when the does are in estrus cycle). During rut, the bucks become more smelly. Generally rut occurs in the late summer through fall. You may not like the odor as most of the people do, but your does find it irresistible and it attract them very much.
Goat Farming Tips For Beginners

When Do Bucks Stink?

The rut causes your bucks smell very bad. Usually they urinate on themselves during this period more than any other time of the year, although they smell pretty much all the time. When the bucklings (your young male goats) become sexually mature, they also start smelling like the adult bucks. Bucklings usually gain sexual maturity earlier than the female goats. Even, some male goats can become sexually mature as early as their 2 months of age. As a result, some of your youngster can also become stinky as early as that age.

Preventing the Stench

You can keep your bucks separated from the herd for avoiding unplanned breeding and also for avoiding tainting the milk with the smell, as most of the goat owners do. You can keep the bucks in a separate place inside your farm. And doing this will help to keep the buck’s smell away from your herd. You can also clean your bucks on a regular basis. Trim the beards of your buck, wash their bellies, heads and legs with clean water. This will help to reduce their strong urine scent.


Wethering your bucks is a good idea for preventing their bad smell. Usually wethers do not smell bad like the bucks and they become very friendly and well behaved in nature. By using an elastrator or a burdizzo, you can easily wether a buck. An elastrator will put a strong rubber band around the top of the scrotum of your buck and it will cut off the blood flow to their testes and scrotum. And cause the testes and scrotum to fall off within a few weeks. On the other hand, if you can use the burdizzo properly, it will crush the spermatic cord of your bucks.

If you want to keep some bucks in your herd for breeding purpose, keep them separate from the herd. And if possible, wash them regularly. But during the rut, there are almost no way to avoid their urine scent. If you wish, you can try using your deodorant body spray during this period

Summary On Management of females (does)

Young females should be mated as from the age of 12 months. Good nutrition ensures that the animal grows faster and ready for mating. It also increases fertility and litter size. If young animals are mated when they are very young (less than 8months) they will remain stunted the rest of their life and will have poor reproductive performance. A well-managed female can produce kids for about eight years.

READ  Loans For Agro Business And Small Business Enterprise

Pregnancy In Goats

Furthermore, Pregnancy in goats lasts between 145 –150 days (five months). A mature female can only mate when she is ready (on” heat”). The heat period lasts between 24 –26 hours. During this time she should receive the male. The presence of the male in the flock triggers heat. Coming on heat also depends on the nutrition of the animal. Signs, which may indicate that the animal is on heat: Shaking of the tail

  • Mounting other animals
  • Seeking males
  • Continuous bleating
  • Mucous discharge

Pregnant females should be separated from the main flock for close monitoring, at least two months before kidding. This also reduces the loss of kids. At this stage they will need quality feed supplements to enhance feed reserves in the body. This will ensure a healthy kid and enough milk.

Summary On Management of males (bucks)

  • Firstly, Male goats are known to be fertile at an earlier stage than females. In such circumstances males have to be raised separately from females to avoid unplanned mating.
  • Secondly, Bucks have to be kept in good condition and fed at all times.
  • For breeding purposes bucks with horns have to be used, so as to avoid haemophrodism (incukubili/bisexual), which comes with the use of hornless/polled bucks.
  • Also, Bucks can be selected at an early age. A male kid born weighing about 2.5kg or more kg could be selected for future breeding. Heavier and fast growing bucks should be selected.

Select bucks from twin births so as to increase the chances of twinning.

  • Males not suitable for breeding should be castrated or culled.


Breeding systems

The breeding system is an important aspect of goat production in terms of meat and milk production. It has a significant influence on immediate and long-term flock productivity.



This involves the mating of different breeds to combine characteristics found in the different breeds and to make use of the “hybrid vigour”. In simple terms this means that the offspring performs better than the parents.  Crossbreeding is one of the methods used in meat and milk production. It can be disastrous, if not done properly, leading to the disappearance of the existing genetic pool.


                                                A                              B

(Boer Goat male) X (Indigenous female goat)

AB (Crossbred)


Pure breeding:

Furthermore, in this system purebred females are run with purebred males (bucks) to maintain the desired traits (colour, size, meat and milk qualities) of that particular breed.

Mating systems

  • It is important for the farmers to know different mating systems that can be applied to their breeding flock.
  • Also, Random mating is letting any number of bucks to run with a flock of females uncontrolled


Advantages of random mating

  • Firstly, Simple
  • Secondly, Cheap
  • Thirdly, Goats can kid any time, therefore a farmer can sell any time.


  • High risk of inbreeding
  • Lastly, High risk of spread of diseases

Assortive mating is putting the best females to the best buck. This is better than the random mating

Advantages of Assortive mating

  • High quality breeds
  • Also, Maintain genetic base


  • Unavailability of appropriate breeding stock
  • Likewise, Difficult to implement in communal set ups
  • Lack of technical skills, including records

Selection and Culling

Selection:  is a process of choosing the animals with desirable characteristics to be parents of the next generation.

Culling: It is the process of removing unproductive animals (old goats, animals with poor mothering abilities, poor reproductive performance, and animals with chronic sicknesses) from the flock


Mating Ratio

In a controlled mating system:

  • Firstly, a male goat should run with females for 36-42 days. The reason being that a female which misses mating or coming into heat has a second chance within the mentioned period.
  • A mature buck can be given 40-50 females to service. A young buck can be given 25-30 females. The effectiveness of both male and females depends on their body condition at mating


Guide On Goat Gestation And Kidding



The time from mating to kidding of a goat is called her gestation period. Usually gestation period of a goat lasts for about 150 days. They need extra care, feeding and other management during this period. Closely monitor their activities and always take good care of them. When a goat is heavily pregnant, watch her right side, you will see the movement of her kids.

Goat Gestation And Kidding

Usually a doe nurses her kids by herself until eventual weaning. Some commercial dairy goat producer used to raise the kids separately form their mother for better milk production. On the other hand, commercial meat goat producers allow their does to take care of their babies for a certain period. However, read more about goat gestation and kidding and weaning.

Goat Gestation

Female goats gain sexual maturity within their 8 to 10 months of age, although some goats gain maturity earlier. And most of the goats can produce their first kids at their 13 to 15 months of age. The time from mating to kidding of a goat is usually called gestation period. In case of goats, gestation period lasts for about 150 days. Although it much depends on the goat’s type, nutrition levels, the time when they were born and some other factors. There are some goat breeds available which can produce babies twice a year.

Usually most of the goats give birth of one or two kids and some also produce three kids occasionally. Does mate with bucks after going into estrus and become pregnant and give birth of kids after about 150 days. These time period of 150 days from mating to kidding is gestation period of a goat.
Goat Farming Tips For Beginners

Goat Kidding

Pregnant goats start showing some signs before kidding. Your pregnant doe will give birth of kids within a week or so, when you will notice her udder start filling with milk or bagging up. Probably your doe will search for a safe, secure and calm place to deliver for a few days before kidding. Sometimes she may avoid her fellow goats. She will start exuding a light discharge from her vulva and it will begin swelling. You will notice the appearance of mucus out her vulva area. The sides of her tail will be soften and her flanks will sink inside, as the kids are preparing to enter the world.

More Signs

Your doe may be restless and remain busy getting up and down frequently. She will change her sitting or sleeping positions frequently to have some physical relaxation. Birth is imminent if the discharge become long and thick. The doe will start heavily contracting. And you will see a sac of brownish liquid coming out of her vulva. The first sac will either break or just expand and the second sac (which is coming out from her vulva) contain the baby. You will see continue heavy contractions until she expels the baby. If the doe has more than one baby, then the second one should arrive within a short time. Usually the placenta emerges within 30 minutes. But if it does not appear within two hours, then contact your nearest vet as soon as possible. After kidding apply proper medicines according to your vet’s suggestion so that they can’t develop an infection or be retaining a fetus.


Does start nursing their kids soon after birth. You can start giving your kids hay, leaves or grasses when they are about a week to 10 days old. Goats are ruminants. There are four sections in their stomach. The front part of their stomach act like a fermentation vat. The rumen and other sections of their stomach are not mature during their first week to 10 days of age. As a result they have to depend on their mom’s milk. You can help their stomach to develop good bacteria (this type of bacteria is very helpful for digestion and help the stomach to grow larger) by feeding them small amounts of forage. Leave the kids with their mother for natural weaning and it takes about 3 months to wean. It’s a good practice to wean the kids when they weight 2.5 times more than their birth weight. In case of raising dairy goats, be very careful about feeding the kids after weaning.

Dairy Goat

Dairy goat producers usually keep the kids separated from their mothers. So if you are raising dairy goats too, then don’t allow the does nursing their babies, because the does are producing milk for your operation. Separate the kids after their birth and keep them in an area that is deeply bedded with straw. Then milk their moms for colostrum. Colostrum is the rich first milk full of antibodies that the does automatically produce for protecting their babies. It’s a must for the newly born babies. If somehow you can’t provide the kids colostrum, then you can mix up commercial colostrum powder (available in your nearest livestock feed stores) and feed the babies. Use feeding tube or bottle for feeding the kids. After a few days change the colostrum with any other commercial replacer.

Tips On Goat Kidding Signs

Goat kidding signs are some pre-delivery physical or behavioral changes on your pregnant goats. You may notice some kidding signs on your doe before giving birth of kids. Keep monitoring your pregnant goats. Be more careful if you notice any physical, behavioral, eating or any other changes in your pregnant doe. Usually the gestation period of goat is about 150 days.

Goat Kidding Signs

Most of the doe display numerous indications of kidding. Although some doe may not display absolutely any prior indications. So it’s a good idea to closely monitor your pregnant does. The most common signs of goat kidding are shortly described below.

Appetite Loss

Your pregnant does can sometime experience appetite loss just before kidding. Although it’s not particularly common in all goats. If you notice that your pregnant doe has almost no or little interest in her feed, then it might be her kidding time.

Behavioral Change

Sudden behavioral change is also a sign of goat kidding. If you notice any antsy or unusual sudden behavioral changes in your doe, then it might her kidding time or kidding may be right around the corner. During this period, she can try to keep herself away from fellow goats and may behave in an uncharacteristically antisocial manner. Some does may seem anxious and as a result they can constantly paw at things. They can also be significantly more vocal with frequently bleating than usually they are.
Goat Farming Tips For Beginners
For kidding some does can also establish a nest within the soil and sometimes can be very protective of her designated site. Before parturition, most of the does also become very antsy and frequently change their sitting or sleeping positions to have some physical relaxation.

Genitals & Udder

Some experienced goat producer can tell that a goat is kidding by closely looking at her. And in most cases, the accuracy rate become very high. You can also tell whether your goat is kidding or not by looking at her, if you have proper experience. Your goat may be very close to giving birth, if you notice your doe’s udder and outer genitalia is just a lot bigger than normal and if it seem puffy. Before kidding, doe’s udder contain a lot of milk for feeding her new babies. Sometimes the udder of your doe can also take on a rigid or hard appearance. However, pay attention to your pregnant doe and closely monitor it’s all activities.


Usually does develop thread-like mucus masses out of their tails right before kidding. It’s a clear goat kidding sign. Kidding is about to happen if you notice the appearance of mucus out of the vulva of your doe.

Tail Bone

Another physical goat kidding signs is involved with the tail bone of your pregnant doe. Jutting out of your pregnant doe’s tail bone a lot more than normal is a result of her ligament muscles slackening. And it’s a direct indication of kidding.

These are the common goat kidding signs. It’s much easier for an experienced person to detect the goat kidding signs. Practice makes perfect and you will be able to tell your goat’s kidding time if you raise goats for a long time. It’s pretty tough for the beginners but don’t worry, gradually you will learn even more.

Guide On Newborn Goats Nursing

Newborn goats are called kids. After delivery this newborn kids rise up on wobbly legs in the search for their first taste of mom’s milk. This first milk is very essential for the kids and it is full of colostrum. Colostrum is a must for getting a newborn off to a healthy start. But sometimes newborn kids struggle to nurse due to premature birth, illness or other factors. In such situation, human intervention is necessary. Read more about newborn goats nursing.

Weak Kid Syndrome

Weak kid syndrome is such a condition that refers to newborn kids who are unable to stand or nurse. These kids are most likely to die, without human intervention. Try assisting the newborn kids into the standing position, if they are unable to stand. Milk your mother doe and feed the newborn kids a small amount of the colostrum by bottle feeding system, if they are unable to remain in the standing position. Call your vet and consult with her/him immediately, if the kids continue to appear lethargic and week after receiving some colostrum.
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Bring Kids Close To Their Mom

Bring newborn kids very close to their mom. You may notice, some kids are just a little confused and are unable to find their mama’s udders and teats. In such cases, guide the kids to the teats for feeding, if they are standing. Take a kid and squeeze a small amount of milk out from it’s mama’s teat and let the kid smell and taste. This system is very helpful for the misguided kids to learn where tasty milk comes from.

Enlarged Udders

Sometimes a newborn goats nursing become very difficult. A newborn kid become unable to position it’s mouth to drink milk. Especially this happen if your mother doe has larger udders and teats. In such situation, you have to milk your doe and feed the kids by bottle feeding system. Milking your mother doe also help to reduce their teat size and help the kid to nurse. Collect the rich colostrum milk and feed it to the kids by bottle feeding system, in case of first feeding. Because colostrum is a must for the newborn kids.

Bottle Feeding

Bottle feeding is necessary if your mother doe become unable to nurse her newborn kids. Some kids become very weak after birth, and they often don’t have enough energy to nurse. Squirt some milk on your finger and place it in the newborn kid’s mouth for checking it’s sucking ability. Tube feeding is necessary, if the kid become too weak to suck. In case of bottle feeding system, milk your mother doe, strain the milk and place into bottles and feed the kids.

You have to be very careful while feeding the kids, for a few days after their birth. Feed the kids several times a day. Consult with your vet if your kids are not nursing or if the bottle feeding system is not successful. Never forget to consult with the vet before trying the tube feeding system for the first time. Because tube feeding system is quiet difficult than bottle feeding system. In tube feeding system, you have to push a tube down the kid’s throat and into the stomach. So it’s a good idea to consult with a vet before trying this system.

Starts On How To Milk A Goat

Goat milk is very tasty and nutritious. It also a very popular source of refreshment because of it’s unique creamy taste and nutritional value. And the demand and consuming rate of goat milk is increasing day by day. Many people are raising their own dairy goats to fulfill their daily family food and nutrition demand. Dairy goat farming is also a great source of fresh milk supply. If you want to establish dairy goat farming business, then it will be very beneficial for you learning details about how to milk a goat.

Tips On How To Milk A Goat

If you are new in milking goats, you can learn the process of milking goats directly from a dairy goat producer. Because practical experiences are very helpful than bookish knowledge. And nothing can bit your practical knowledge. However, learn step by step milking process of a goat.

  • First of all keep your goat on a flat surface or on a milk stand (stanchion).
  • You can train your goat perfectly so that you can get your goat to hop onto the stand by herself. This process is very easy and simple. Do the same process for several days. Then she will automatically learn it by herself.
Goat Farming Tips For Beginners
  • Always milk and feed your goats at the same time. By doing this process they will learn when their feeding and milking time arrive and they will be ready to be milked. Regularity is very important for milking the goat daily.
  • Select a calm and quiet place for milking your goats. Because in such a calm and quite place your goat will be more relaxed and calm during milking without distraction. This will make your milking process easy and simple.
  • It will be better if you can build a dedicated milk room for your goats. But it is not necessary for the beginners.
  • During milking try to use a stainless steel pail and strainer. Because steel pail and strainer harbor less bacteria than plastic or other material.
  • Before milking, always wipe down the udder to make the goat clean. You can purchase udder wipes that is available in the market. Udder wipes also help to kill bacteria.
  • During milking discard first few squeezes of milk. Because this milk can contain bacteria.
  • For milking a goat, simply put both of your thumb and forefinger around their teat, right up against the udder. After that squeeze firmly (never hardly). This is an important part of milking process, because it will keep the milk from flowing back into the udder. After that squeeze your pinky, ring and middle finger together against the teat. Do it sequentially from top to bottom in a very rapid movement. You will know you have got it right when a full stream of milk shoots out with each squeeze. During milking it is very important that you don’t pull down on the teat but bring your free fingers together one at a time from the top to the bottom of your hand as you squeeze. Always release your fingers to let milk fill the teat again and repeat the same process.
  • Milking two teats at the same time is much more efficient and when you get good at it you will establish your own rhythm, doing one teat first and then the other. Keep squeezing until the udder is mostly depleted.
  • After that, remove the pail from goat and wipe her udder.


During the first few squeezes observe the color of the milk. If you found any pink or red color in this milk, then don’t milk the goat anymore. Because it is a sign that your goat may have mastitis disease.

So now what do you think? Can you do the process? Trust me it is very very easy and simple. Milking a goat is also very entertaining and you can enjoy it. Try to milk your goat by your own. Because they like to be milked by the same person daily. If you are new in dairy goat farming business, you can practically learn how to milk a goat from your nearest dairy goat producer.

Grass For Goats

What are the best grass for goats? It is a common question for the people who are raising goats or want to keep some. Goats are actually both browsers and grazers. That means they like to eat fresh green grass and tasty hay, the tender tips of woody shrubs and trees. Availability of a wide variety of grasses will help to keep your goats well-fed and healthy. Some goats are picky and some aren’t. Usually they eat almost everything which they find edible in front of them. They will eat any type of grass which you will put in front of them, and they will chow down on weeds with just as much enthusiasm. They are not so picky in this case.

Best Grass For Goats

Goats are selective in their munching while they browse or graze through the forage in front of them. While browsing or grazing, they eat plants at their fullest nutritional value. A mixture of various types of grasses can meet up their needs. If you are planning for starting a profitable goat farming business, then you must have to learn what kind of grass do your goats like and the best grass for goats. Short description of some common grasses are listed below.


Alfalfa is among the mostly cultivated greens for goats and considered as the best for goats. Actually alfalfa is not a grass; it is a legume, like clover. It is like nectar for goats and other foragers and grazers. Alfalfa is enriched with high protein, high fat legume and contain a good amount of mineral content. Don’t let your goats munch the field when it is shorter than 6 to 8 inches. For making a good balance of nutrition and energy for your goats, consider cultivating other types of grass with alfalfa.


Bahiagrass is suitable for growing in all types of soil. It is a competitive grass and it can tolerate drought well. Even, this grass can grow well in some areas where other grasses can’t. Bahiagrass’s competitive ability is helpful in the pasture where it trodded by the hooves of many goats and other animals, although is not desirable trait in settings such as lawns. Bahiagrass is lower in quality as a food source, but it will still on the scrub land or pasture when other grasses are gone, especially during drought.
Goat Farming Tips For Beginners


Bromegrass is enriched with high protein. This grass grow well when temperatures are not too warm. Growth slows during excessive warm temperatures (about 90° Fahrenheit) in summer. Bromegrass grows vigorously and tall. It produce high quality forage when mixed with other grasses such as alfalfa. It is also a perennial and drought resistant grass. Bromegrass comes in two varieties. Northern and southern. Northern bromegrass is suitable for pasture land. It’s young plants are leafy. All type of goats find them easy to digest.


Clover is a legume, not a grass. It is sweet in taste and all type of goats enjoy it very much. Adding clover to your pasture land is an efficient way to add stability to the grazing areas. Clover is a nitrogen fixer and also help to grow other plants. If you add clover to your pasture, it will add nitrogen to the soil for other plants to use. Planting clover on your land also help to protect the soil from erosion. Because it sends out stolons inside the soil that cover the ground.


Fescue is a cool season perennial grass. It can grow well in moist and cooler climates. You do not need to reseed this grass on each growing season. It can highly tolerate drought, disease and insects. Usually goats heavily graze the land. Fescue has the ability to persist in the field even when grazed heavily.


Millet is a very fast growing grass. If left alone, it will grow fast and reach 40 to 50 inches within 60 to 90 days. It’s an annual grass and a productive choice for producing winter hay for your goats. Once millet grass has established itself at about 18 inches, it will provide a consistent food source for your goats if you mix it with other grass seeds for pasture land. Millet is highly enriched with protein, and it’s digestible protein value is higher than that of corn. And it’s protein value is also comparable to those of barley and oats.


Ryegrass is a rich and high quality forage grass. It is a perennial grass and grows well in midtemperate climates. It grows back fast and can be grazed closely and frequently. Ryegrass has many varieties. Try to cultivate the rust resistant varieties, because ryegrass is susceptible to crown rust. For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses.


Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. But you can feed your goats timothy if alfalfa is not available. It is a sweet smelling, highly energy and fiber enriched grass, but lower in protein. If your goats don’t graze aggressively, it can grow about 30 inches tall. Timothy grass grows well in sandy soils as long as the soil is well drained.

All of the above grasses are suitable for your goats and considered as the best grass for goats. You can choose any for cultivating on your field, depending on your local facilities, weather and availability of the seeds.

Guide To Goat Predators



Keeping your herd safe from all types of predators is very important for maintaining a profitable goat farming business. Although types of goat predators vary, depending on your geographical location and size or age of your goats. Usually neighborhood dogs and some other aggressive animals are considered as the most common goat predators.

Goat Predators

There are some kind of animals available which work as livestock guard animal and help to provide protection for your goats. So learning about the types of predators that attack goats will help to make good protection against them. Here we are describing about some common predators which are harmful for goats.

Canine Species

Domestic dogs are among the most common goat predators. Some other canine species such as coyotes, foxes and wolves are harmful predators which also prey on goats and your other livestock. Coyotes usually attack with a bite to the throat, they are one of the most common goat and other livestock predators in the United State.

Wolves usually prey on large sized livestock animals. But if goats are available, then they also attack and kill goats. Goat kids make good attraction for the foxes. These type of wild predators usually attack the goats and other livestock animals for food or just for sport. You can’t imagine, a pack of neighborhood dogs can kill as many as 20 to 30 goats on your herd within a night.Goat Farming Tips For Beginners

Wild Cats

Usually domestic or pet cats are smaller in size and they don’t harm your goats. But the bobcats and mountain lions are very dangerous for your goats. They usually target goats and your other livestock animals when available. Bobcats usually target the young goat kids. And the mountain lions more often target the larger animals. Mountain lions are very dangerous than bobcats. They can kill all animals of your herd within one evening.

Other Predators

Presence of other predators depend on the age of your goats and your location. Your young kids are vulnerable to attack, if you are in the areas with large eagle populations. Feral hogs are also dangerous and a threat to your young goat kids. In some areas, bears are among the other common predators. Bears usually kill female goats or doe for eating just their udders. In some areas crows are also considered as a goat predators, especially for the kids.

Goat Predator Control

Neighborhood dogs are common goat predators. But there are some dog breeds available which provide good protection against other predators. For example, Komondor and Great Pyrenees are such guard dogs which offer good herd protection. Donkeys are also good animals for controlling predators from your herd. Because donkeys hate canines and they will prevent canines from entrancing your farm and disturbing your farm animals. Like guard dogs and donkeys, llamas and alpacas also offer good protection against the predators. Along with keeping guard animals, you also have to make a good fence around your pasture or farm land. Usually most wild predators hunt at night. So keep your goats inside secure pens at night.

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Goat Farming Tips For Beginners

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