How To Make Millions In Poultry Farm Business

How To Make Millions In Poultry Farm Business

How To Make Millions In Poultry Farm Business is a free guide for you. The ban on the importation of processed chicken in Nigeria some years without adequate arrangement for alternative source of supply help increased the price of processed chicken by over 75% and as since been the driving force behind the successes recorded in the industry.

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In spite of the achievement recorded in this industry, the industry falls short of its aim of self-sufficiency in animal protein consumption in the country that is put at 5gm/caput per day which is far cry from F. A. O. recommended level of 35gm/caput per day.

Importance Of Poultry

How To Make Millions In Poultry Farm BusinessThe importance of poultry to the national economy cannot be overemphasized, as it has become popular industry for the small holders that have great contribution to the economy of the
country. Also, the profession has assumed greater importance in improving the employment opportunity and animal food production in Nigeria.
With a population of over 140 million
people and an estimated national population growth rate of 5.7% per annum, an average economic growth rate of 3.5% per annum in the past five {5} years, Nigeria has a large market for processed chicken and the investor can also process and export to West African {ECOWAS} market due to trade liberalization in the region hence making poultry farming a viable business in Nigeria.

Poultry Management

There are two main poultry management systems in Nigeria, extensive and intensive. The extensive, or scavenging, system has two subsystems:
Firstly, the free-range system, also called the traditional or village system, in which birds are free to roam around the homestead.
Secondly, the backyard system, also called the family or subsistence system, in which birds are partly confined within a fenced yard.

Intensive System

The intensive system also includes two subsystems: the semi-intensive system, in which a small number of birds are produced in complete confinement, and the industrial system, which is becoming more prominent though now only contributes a small portion of the poultry supply, particularly to urban markets.
The intensive system can be practiced either on deep litter system or cage system.
The short gestation period of poultry business if proper management procedure is followed is one of the attractive aspects of the project.
Poultry are kept mainly as a source of meat and egg. Also, Chicken is one of the popular meats being classified under white meat having low cholesterol and superior to red meat health wise. Eggs have both domestic and industrial use and are produced by layers. It is a very profitable venture.
The rising middle class in Nigeria has continued to ensure the market for these products.
Other products that can be derived from poultry include feather, blood and waste matter which can be processes to yield useful product. The processing of these bye-products in Nigeria has not been fully harnessed.
The farmer has the choice of producing broilers, layers or day old chicks. Broilers are usually produced for meat, layers for egg and day old chick for restocking of the farm.
How To Make Millions In Poultry Farm Business

Housing of Birds:

Depending on what type of bird(s) you are interested in purchasing, you will need to prepare a shelter. In preparing a shelter, you should give consideration to the location on your property. Secondly, the potential threat of predators, i.e. cats, and dogs.  Depending on your location, some of the fencing wire be buried below the surface to prevent any of these aforementioned predators from getting to the birds. Along that line, be sure the fence wire size is small enough to prevent other critters, i.e. minks, weasels, etc. along the outside edge to access the birds.
Lastly, you will want to give some consideration to proximity to the house before construction begins. This is because you may decide to run electricity and/or water to the facility. Which will be nice when you need light, heat, and water. You will want to choose a location, which drains well. Birds move a lot during the day following a rain whereupon they will make a tremendous mess.
As for bird space, home flocks are given space at approximately 3′ x 3′ per bird, so if you want 20 birds, you will need 180 square feet of floor space which is equal to a 10′ x 18′ pen.
As mentioned above, the location should be well drained. Depending on how you construct the pen, a good absorbent litter may be included. Some of the most common litter choices are pine shavings, rice hulls, or ground corn cobs. Another good choice for bedding materials during the wet season is sand, because it allows for excellent drainage. You should avoid using hardwood shavings, because they potentially provide
a good environment for molds.
How To Make Millions In Poultry Farm Business

STOCKING:

Furthermore, the investor should source for reputable suppliers of day old chicks. This is because, they would eventually affect the success or otherwise of the business. In general, flocks experience some level of death loss. Likewise from the example above, you might try over stocking by 10 to 15 percent. i.e., two to three more additional birds beyond the 20 because through death loss. You will achieve the desired ratio of birds to floor space. As mentioned, you will have death losses. So you will need to give consideration on how you want to dispose of the bird(s). 

Management Practice:

The area assigned to these chicks should have some flexibility such that they can move through a range of temperatures (95 to 75 degree F). During this period, it will be important to monitor the birds for signs of stress; for instance, if the chicks are scattered around the area and chirping loudly, chances are they are hot; conversely, if you notice the chicks all huddled together in one area, they are likely cold . At the end of Week 1, begin dropping the temperature by 5 degree F per week until you reach 70 degree F, and then try to maintain that temperature. Monitor brooding area for signs of stress.
Furthermore, the most neglected and overlooked nutrient is water. In many cases, humans walk by what appears to be a bowl of “clean water;” but in fact, it may contain millions of bacteria. In turn, the bacteria will stress the digestive system of the bird, such that it will not grow at the rate believed to be their potential.

Good Practice

As a good practice, the water bowl or dispenser for birds should be cleaned and monitored on a routine basis. In addition, the actual bowl and other items should be cleaned routinely (weekly or sooner) with a product like chlorine to reduce the incidence of microbial formation. Also, fresh water needs to be supplied everyday to insure healthy birds.
As mentioned in the Placing Birds Section, there are critical times in which the care provider must monitor water, extreme cold and extreme heat. Obviously, during the cold periods, the biggest concern will be freezing.

There Are Some General Factors An Individual Should Keep In Mind When Selecting
A Feed:

A) Make sure it is the correct feed for the application; for instance, don’t choose a meat type ration when you are wanting layers to lay eggs.
B) Be sure to look over the ingredients, so that it meets your requirements; that is, if you want a ration free of meat and bone meal, then just look at the ingredient list across brands. Perhaps the biggest challenge an individual will face is “deciding on
which brand” to purchase.
Though prices differ a lot with location, a day old chick is not less than N100. In a period of 2 years that the layer is expected to produce eggs. The farmer can collect an average of 730 eggs from a single layers.  Suppose the layer was later sold at N700 and the eggs sold at N10 per egg. The farmer would make a total of N8000 from the single layer.
If the farmer started with 1000 birds and as expected about 10% was lost due to death, the farmer would realize N7,200,000 after 2 years of operations with management procedure.
The investor can choose to add a chicken processing plant to the business. This will derive more benefit by supplying supermarket, fast foods joints etc. The main tool is the cavity removal and defeathering equipment which can be fabricated locally.

Tip For Success In This Business:

  1. Get a good business plan
  2. Get properly trained
  3. Secure a good location
  4. Start Production
  5. Observation good management practices

Cage System

This system involves rearing of poultry on raised wire netting floor in smaller compartments, called cages. Either fitted with stands on floor of house or hanged from the roof.  It has been proved very efficient for laying operations. Especially from day-old to disposal.  Furthermore, 75% of commercial layers in the world today uses cages. Feeders and water trough are attached to cages from outside except nipple water drinker. Similarly, water pipeline is installed on top of the cages.  Auto-operated feeding trolleys and egg collection belts can also be used in this rearing system.  The droppings are either collected in trays underneath cages or on belts or on the floor or deep pit under cages, depending on type of cages.

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Advantages

  • Firstly, Minimum floor space
  • Secondly, More number of eggs per hen
  • Thirdly, Less feed wastage
  • Better feed efficiency
  • Likewise, Protection from internal parasites and soil borne illnesses
  • Sick and unproductive birds can be easily identified and eliminated.
  • Also, Clean eggs production
  • Vices like egg eating, pecking is minimal.
  • Broodiness is minimal
  • No need of litter material
  • Lastly,  Artificial Insemination (AI) can be adopted.
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Disadvantages

  • High initial investment cost.
  • Handling of manure may be problem. Generally, flies become a greater nuisance.

 

The incidence of blood spots in egg is more

Problem of cage layer fatigue. (It is a condition, in which laying birds in cages develop lameness.  It may be due to Ca and P deficiency but the exact reason is not known)

In case of broilers, incidence of breast blisters is more, especially when the broilers weight is more than 1.5 kg.

Types of cages

Based on the number of birds in a cage, it is classified as

  • Firstly, Single or individual bird cage (Only one bird in a cage)
  • Secondly, Multiple bird cage (From 2 to 10 birds, usually 3 or 4 birds per cage)
  • Lastly, Colony cages (Holding birds more than 11 per cage)
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Based on the number of rows

  • Single-deck
  • Double-deck
  • Also, Triple-deck
  • Four-deck
  • Lastly, Flat-deck

Based on arrangement of cages

1) Stair-step cages

a) M-type cages

b) L-type cages

2) Battery cages (Vertical cages)

Based on the type of bird reared

Brooder / chick cages

  • Grower cages
  • Layer cages
  • Breeder cages

 

Floor space requirements

Type Age
(in weeks)
Deep-litter
(ft2)
Cages
(ft2)
Egg-type chicken 0-8 0.60 0.20
9-18 1.25 0.30
>18 1.50 0.50
Meat-type chicken 0-4 0.30 --
4-8 0.75 --

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On Our battery cage specifically, We have for cold galvanized and hot Galvanized

On cold galvanized; we have;

  • Height: 84inches (7ft)
  • Length: 71inches (actual) including water rubber tank (78 inches) (6.5ft)
  • Width: 116inches (2.94m)
  • Finally, each cell is 14inches by 16inches.

 

On Hot Galvanized, we have;

6.56ft long. 6.56ft wide. 5.4ft height

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Irrespective of your poultry pen, we can customize our battery cage system to suite your size.

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Furthermore, Poultry Battery Cages get bad when they are expose to adverse weather condition that causes them to rust. Once they becomes rusted, there is need to replace them. If not, your cages may begin to breakdown. Our technicians are well trained to handle sure task.  Contact us right away to help you out.

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How To Make Millions In Poultry Farm Business

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1 COMMENT

  1. Thanks for sharing nice information with us. I like your post and all you share with us is upto date and quite informative, i would like to bookmark the page so i can come here again to read you, as you have done a wonderful job Poultry Software

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