Irish Potato Farming Smart Guide / Business Plans
Irish Potato In Africa
More on Irish Potato
Starting Irish Potato Farming
Land Preparation for Irish Potato Farming
Irish Potato Planting
- Planting of Irish potatoes must be done during the early rains, especially around March to April. Potato is planted from the parent tuber that has sprouted into bud. Prepare the seed potato by cutting into smaller sizes about 30-35cm or 35-40cm in size. If the seed is too small it will produce weak plant use mature potato about 1 and ½:inches in diameter Place the seed potato in a warm place between 60-70°F a week to planting.
- They are ready for planting when the sprout is about ¼ – ½ long. Cut the potato into 2 parts with each having 2 buds. Put the cut potato in a place that has room temperature for 2-3days. Before planting rub or dust them in agricultural sulphur this will protect the exposed surface from fungi disease. Bury the seed potato in the furrow about 40cm deep, place the potato seed in the hole with the eyes pointing up. Cover it with sand, make it flat and water. The potato will germinate in 2 weeks by then sprouting will be very well noticeable.
- 5 weeks after planting heap sand around the potato stems. It will help the new potatoes grow out from the planted tubers. Frequently hill the plant so that the new tubers are not exposed to direct sunlight that can turn them green.
VARIETIES IRISH POTATO
MANURE APPLICATION IN IRISH POTATOES
PEST/DISEASES IN IRISH POTATO FARMING
- Furthermore, Pest and diseases starts their activities immediately after germination. Sucking pests such as white flies and aphids affects Irish potato seriously. Others are caterpillar, tuber moth and leaf miner. Potato blight is a fungus disease called Phytophthora infection that affects leaves and stem. Tackled it immediately you noticed their presence any delay will result in 100% damage within 5 days.
- The affected part usually show soaked dark water lesion then after few days the potato plant will appear burnt as if fire was set on it. Always spray fungicide every week. Also apply preventive fungicide when there is high humidity or fluctuating temperature sers in.
- Bacteria wilt causes extensive losses. Use herbicide such as touch down, Sevin an insecticide and neem oil Eelworm can live about 20-30 years. Plant disease and pest resistant variety. Practice rotational farming. Don’t follow potato farm with okra, pepper, egg-plant and tomatoes.
HARVESTING IRISH POTATO
STORAGE OF IRISH POTATO
REASONS FOR IRISH POTATO FARMING
- It is very easy and cheap to plant
- Irish potato farming is very profitable, it sales higher than sweet potato and yam
- The demand for it is increasing by the day.
- It doesn’t require special qualification, anybody can do it.
HEALTH BENEFIT OF IRISH POTATO
- Irish Potatoes doesn’t contain cholesterol nor fat but contains low calories.
- Rich in Vitamin C, B6, Potassium, iron and fibre.
- The fibre helps blood cholesterol level.
- The potassium content helps in lowering blood pressure.
- Maintains brain and nervous health system because of Vitamin B6.
IRISH POTATO SACK FARMING
As a matter of facts, Irish potato farming is more economical than sweet potato and yam in terms of export. Locally, if a bag of sweet potato cost #8,000, irish will cost double or more.
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