Old Days And Present Day Poultry Management (Get A Business Plan)

Old Days And Present Day Poultry Management (Get A Business Plan)

Old Days And Present Day Poultry Management (Get A Business Plan). Firstly, Under undomesticated conditions, poultry lay eggs in simple nests, perch in trees. Likewise, spend much of the day scavenging for feed. Chickens spend a large proportion of their time scratching to expose hidden food.

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Similarly, Poultry birds under the backyard and semi-intensive production systems are second in line. This poultry birds are usually enclosed at night to discourage thieves and predators. Finally,Poultry birds kept under intensive production, are totally confined day and night. Some village households keep their few chickens inside the house or even under their bed at night, to discourage theft.

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Old Days And Present Day Poultry Management (Get A Business Plan)Given a choice of a place to lay their eggs, hens will choose a soft “litter” base. Furthermore, they prefer an adequately sized (a cube of approximately 30 cm), darkened nest with some privacy. Prior to laying, hens usually investigate a number of possible sites before entering a nest box. They then show nesting behaviour, which includes a special protective nest-seeking voice, after which they sit and finally lay. When they have laid an egg, they announce this with another type of “pride of achievement” call. These calls can also be heard in a battery cage house. If perches are provided, hens will perch most of the time rather than stand on the wire floors, and after dark most birds roost on the perches. Perching is a probable survival characteristic to avoid night predators. The basic requirements for poultry housing are:space;ventilation;light; and Protection (from weather and predators).

Cage System

This system involves rearing of poultry on raised wire netting floor in smaller compartments, called cages. Either fitted with stands on floor of house or hanged from the roof.  It has been proved very efficient for laying operations. Especially from day-old to disposal.  Furthermore, 75% of commercial layers in the world today uses cages. Feeders and water trough are attached to cages from outside except nipple water drinker. Similarly, water pipeline is installed on top of the cages.  Auto-operated feeding trolleys and egg collection belts can also be used in this rearing system.  The droppings are either collected in trays underneath cages or on belts or on the floor or deep pit under cages, depending on type of cages.

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Advantages

  • Firstly, Minimum floor space
  • Secondly, More number of eggs per hen
  • Thirdly, Less feed wastage
  • Better feed efficiency
  • Likewise, Protection from internal parasites and soil borne illnesses
  • Sick and unproductive birds can be easily identified and eliminated.
  • Also, Clean eggs production
  • Vices like egg eating, pecking is minimal.
  • Broodiness is minimal
  • No need of litter material
  • Lastly,  Artificial Insemination (AI) can be adopted.

 

Disadvantages

  • High initial investment cost.
  • Handling of manure may be problem. Generally, flies become a greater nuisance.

 

The incidence of blood spots in egg is more

Problem of cage layer fatigue. (It is a condition, in which laying birds in cages develop lameness.  It may be due to Ca and P deficiency but the exact reason is not known)

In case of broilers, incidence of breast blisters is more, especially when the broilers weight is more than 1.5 kg.

Types of cages

Based on the number of birds in a cage, it is classified as

  • Firstly, Single or individual bird cage (Only one bird in a cage)
  • Secondly, Multiple bird cage (From 2 to 10 birds, usually 3 or 4 birds per cage)
  • Lastly, Colony cages (Holding birds more than 11 per cage)

 

Based on the number of rows

  • Single-deck
  • Double-deck
  • Also, Triple-deck
  • Four-deck
  • Lastly, Flat-deck

Based on arrangement of cages

1) Stair-step cages

a) M-type cages

b) L-type cages

2) Battery cages (Vertical cages)

Based on the type of bird reared

Brooder / chick cages

  • Grower cages
  • Layer cages
  • Breeder cages

 

Floor space requirements

Type Age
(in weeks)
Deep-litter
(ft2)
Cages
(ft2)
Egg-type chicken 0-8 0.60 0.20
9-18 1.25 0.30
>18 1.50 0.50
Meat-type chicken 0-4 0.30 --
4-8 0.75 --

Battery cage system For Sale

On Our battery cage specifically, We have for cold galvanized and hot Galvanized

On cold galvanized; we have;

  • Height: 84inches (7ft)
  • Length: 71inches (actual) including water rubber tank (78 inches) (6.5ft)
  • Width: 116inches (2.94m)
  • Finally, each cell is 14inches by 16inches.

 

On Hot Galvanized, we have;

6.56ft long. 6.56ft wide. 5.4ft height

Irrespective of your poultry pen, we can customize our battery cage system to suite your size.

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Furthermore, Poultry Battery Cages get bad when they are expose to adverse weather condition that causes them to rust. Once they becomes rusted, there is need to replace them. If not, your cages may begin to breakdown. Our technicians are well trained to handle sure task.  Contact us right away to help you out.

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Do You Need A Business Plan And A Feasibility Study To Raise Fund For Your Business?

We can carry out research and develop MBA grade business plan that you can present to a bank or any investor. Chris Farm Nigeria develops well self-explanatory, irresistible feasibility studies or business plan for your Business start ups, Business Growth or Expansions through either personal funds, Grants, or loans, which could be new or existing ones. We delight in writing for people under Academic sectors, production sectors, manufacturing sectors, processing or packing sectors, advertising sectors, marketing sectors and other related sectors on mini, middle and large scale businesses.

Likewise, in Agribusiness; either production, processing, marketing of any Agro-industry, our feasibility studies or business plan are explicit

See What Our Business Plans And Feasibility Study Reports Has For You

Intuitively, Our Business Plans and Feasibility Study Report has a unique content. Take a look at it. Finally, be rest assured that we give you what you want if you place an order. Furthermore, For easy understand of your idea, Contact us either by call or an email request.  “You Will Be Glad You Did”.

Bestselling book on fishery;

  • Firstly, how to own a catfish farm
  • How to manage a catfish farm
  • Lastly, how to own, manage, and make millions from catfish farming business (our best seller)

Step By Step On Aquatic Farming Business (Catfish/Tilapia/Prawn/Craps)

 CONTENT
  • Firstly, title Page
  • Secondly, Table of Content
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Preface
Chapter One: Introduction
   Catfish
   1.2       Why
is catfish different from other fishes?
  1.3       Fish classification
  •  Habitat
  • Morphology
Chapter Two:
  •  Giant Catfish of the World
  • Scientific classification
 SPECIES CHARACTERISTICS
Chapter Three:
  • Catfish Family
  • Furthermore, Larval production
  • The culture system
  • Also, Feed and Feeding
  • Hybridization of catfish
  • Culture system modification
  • Finally, Prospect and problems of cultured fish
Chapter Four:
4.0       How to own a Mega fish farm Business
Chapter Five:
  • Pond
  • standard features of a fish pond
  • Types of pond
  • Earthen (Natural) Pond
  • Concrete Pond
  •  Tarpaulin/Plastic/Mobile Pond
  •  Step in fish Pond establishment
  • Important of liming
  • Fertilizing a pond
  • Fish Pond management
Chapter Six:
  • Fish Stocking
  • Stocking of fish can take the form of mono/poly-culture
Chapter Seven:
  • channel catfish
  • Species of channel catfish
  • Life cycle of channel catfish
Chapter Eight:
  • The Electric Catfish
  • Feeding in electric catfish
  • Firing in electric fish
  • Importance tips in managing electric catfish
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Chapter Nine:
  • African Giant catfish
  • Habits of African catfish in the wide
  • Natural spawning in the wide
  • Rearing of African giant catfish
Chapter Ten:
  • Spawning
  • Also, Hatching techniques in catfish
  • materials needed for (hatching) spawning
  • Likewise, Prerequisite for (Hatching) spawning in catfish
  •  Steps in (hatching) spawning
  • Some reasons why spawning (Hatching) falls
  • Also, Characteristics of catfish stages
  •  Transportation of catfish
Chapter Eleven:
  • Firstly, Fish Management
  • How to identify oxygen Depletion in ponds
  • Lastly, Questions most people ask about catfish management
Chapter Twelve:
  • Fish parasite and Diseases
  • Fish Disease
  • Causes of Diseases
  • Types of Disease
Chapter Three:
  • Firstly, fish preservation
  • Method of fish preservation
  • Fish salting
  • Drying and Dehydration
  • Also, fish smoking
  • How to smoke fish
Chapter Fourteen:
  • Firstly, How to make millions from catfish production
  •  Secondly, Advertising
  • Thirdly, Marketing
  • Marketing strategy
  • Lastly, How to sustain millions in catfish business
List of figures
Firstly, fig.1.1 Labeled diagram of a typical tilapia fish
Secondly, fig 1.2 labeled diagram of a typical catfish
Thirdly, fig 1.3 Labeled diagram of a typical external anatomy of a tilapia fish
Fig 1.4 Labeled diagram of a typical external anatomy of a carpio cyprisnus
Also, fig 1.5 Labeled diagram of a typical internal anatomy of a tilapia fish
Similarly, fig 1.6 Typical example of catfish
Likewise, fig 8.1 Diagram of electric catfish organs
Likewise, fig 9.1 claries gariepinus sample
Fig 9.2 Heterobranchus Bidorsal Sample
Also, fig 10.1 Diagram on how to inject the catfish
Similarly, fig 10.2 Diagram on how to extract the milt (sperm) from catfish
Lastly, fig 10/3 Diagram on how to strip off eggs from catfish and
to fertilize them
List of tables
Firstly, table 2.1 scientific classification of catfish
Table 3.1 catfish families
Furthermore, table 5.1 table showing water retention in soil
Table 8.1 scientific classification of electric catfish
Also, table 9.1 African Giant catfish
PRICE: N 10, 000 (Ten thousand Naira

 

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