Reproduction in Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming

Reproduction in Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming

Reproduction in Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming is a free article for all. As a matter of facts, Snail Achatina fulica is a hermaphrodite animal. That is to say; each individual snail has both male and female reproductive parts. There are no distinguishing parts separating sexes because each snail contains both sex reproductive systems.

Reproduction in Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming

More On Reproduction in Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming

They do not self-fertilize, so the snails need to mate with another snail of their species. As a Stylommatophiora, Achatina fulica does not mate randomly; the snails mate with respect to age and size of other snails. Immature, small snails that are still growing produce only spermatozoa, while larger, mature adults produce both spermatozoa and ova.

Criteria for Reproduction in Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming

There is an age dependent mate choice when it comes to young snails because they need and prefer older adults to mate with. Young giant African snails copulate at all hours of the night, while older adults mate in the middle of the night. The snails choose their mates with respect to size and age, but the reproductive stage-dependent mate is a more attractive mate than the body size-dependent mate choice.

Mating occurs when one snail encounters a prospective partner that the individual snail deems acceptable to mate with. When two individual snails mate, there is a possibility that gametes will be transferred to each one by the other simultaneously. However, this is only the case if the snails are around the same size. If there is a size difference, the larger snail will act as the female and the gametes will only be transferred from the smaller snail to the larger snail, mating unilaterally.

The Act Of Reproduction in Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming

When two A. fulica encounter and deem each other worthy mates, they will mate by one mounting the shell of the other. The mating will begin once the two snails exchange sperm with one another. The sperm is used to fertilize the eggs in the snails, but it can also be stored inside the body for up to two years.

Reproduction in Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming

The fertilized eggs are laid between eight and twenty days after mating has occurred, and are deposited in nests or among rocks and soils on the ground. The eggs usually hatch at temperatures above fifteen degrees Celsius. The eggs, under the right conditions, will hatch after eleven to fifteen days into small snails.

Number Of Eggs On Reproduction In Snail Achatina Fulica And Snail Farming

The number of eggs that an individual snail lays often depends on the maturity and age of the snail and is between 100 to 500 eggs. Giant African snails have no specific season of mating, as they are able to produce new clutches every two to three months.

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The fertilized eggs of A. fulica are laid in a nest, or in the dirt and leaves, so as to protect and disguise the eggs. The eggs then hatch and become immature snails, which grow to adulthood in about six months. Achatina fulica is one of many land snails, which do not have a larvae phase like other Gastropod species.

Breeding Interval

The giant African snail breeds every two to three months.

Breeding season

Breeding can take place any time of the year.
Range number of offspring is 100 to 500
Average number of offspring is 200
Range gestation period is 11 to 15 days
Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity (female) is 6 months
Lastly, Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity (male) is 6 months

The parents of Achatina fulica do not contribute to the lives of their offspring except for fertilization and laying of the eggs in nests or soil. Once the eggs are hatched, the small individuals are on their own and adopt the territory that their parent provided them.


Achatina fulica can live on average between three and five years, with some individuals reaching as old as ten years. There is not much difference between the lifespans in the wild and in captivity. In their natural habitat, predators are a main cause of mortality of Achatina fulica, however as they have become an invasive species, their new habitats contain close to zero predators. The snails usually die due to natural causes or non-favorable living conditions. Recently, there have been developments in molluscicides that have been impactful on killing this species, in order to better control their population in unwanted areas.

Range lifespan

Status: wild
10 (high) years
Typical lifespan

Status: wild
3 to 5 years
Typical lifespan

Status: captivity
3 to 5 years


Achatina fulica is a solitary species. The parents do not have an impact in their offsprings’ lives once the eggs are hatched, so the solitary behavior is intact from the beginning. It is not possible for A. fulica to self-fertilize, so courtship and interaction is a necessary aspect of their lives. Movement is an important aspect of their lives as it is necessary for mating, finding food, and escaping threats.

Achatina fulica secretes a slime-like substance that allows for smooth and easy travel during its movement. The substance protects and allows travel across rough and sharp surfaces. Achatina fulica is a nocturnal species and lies dormant during the day. The snails often bury themselves in soil, in order to stay cool and remain hidden from threats. Giant African snails can also survive cold conditions by aestivating; they become slow and sluggish as they wait for warmer and more desired conditions to occur.

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Communication And Perception

Achatina fulica does not need to communicate often, as it is not a social species. The time of communication among the species takes place in the process of mating, as one will mount the back of another individual. Communication takes place as there is a change in the position of the head, along with changes in the movement of the body.

The changes in the body and head are communication cues that indicate that the mating process will continue. Achatina fulica does not have hearing as a sense, so it relies on its other senses to perceive the environment. This species also has caudal tentacles; the upper pair of tentacles have eyes at the tips and the lower pair have the sensory organ that allows for smell. This species has a strong sense of smell, which assists in finding food sources. The combination of smell and sight is how this species perceives the environment around them and allows for the detection of food, mates, and potential threats.

Simple Difference Between Snail (Achatina Achatina and Achatina Marginata)


Snail’s sales


Different snail sizes for sale


Snail Meat Washing and buying


Snail Supply To Farmers And Other Users


Snail farming on breeder supply

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