Rice Farming Tips On Your Business Plan Writing
Rice Farming Tips On Your Business Plan Writing gives you a unique write up. Writing out your Rice Farming Tips On Your Business Plan Writing opens a better chapter for a good feasibility study. Rice farming itself is a good business when using the right variety that fits your region. Furthermore, Our business plans and feasibility study report breaks each unit down for better understanding of the business. Checkout Contents of our business plans and feasibility study report for free.
What Are The Rice Farming Tips On Your Business Plan Writing
Thinking of writing a Rice Farming Business Plan and feasibility study for an investor or any financial institute? There is need to understand how the business goes. More especially, the farming process; below are some Tips to Rice Farming;
- Prepare the land for rice production
- Choose right varieties of rice to plant
- Plant your rice at the right time
- Use appropriate method of planting
- Apply fertilizer appropriately
- Control weed in your rice farm
- Control the pest in your farm
- Harvest your rice
Finally, Having carefully stipulated out the major steps, I will explain each of them one after the other.
Choose Right Land For Rice Farming
To have a successful rice production in Nigeria, the choice of land that you use in planting your rice REALLY matters. If you want to stay in the rice farming business for long, it is advisable that you select a site in ecological zones where rice is grown traditionally.
It could be in the east, north, south or western part of Nigeria. And it will be also better to soil survey your land to avoid any risk.
Choose lands that are fertile and are high in water retention capacity; lands that are swampy ( clayey) and/or contains organic matter like loamy soil.
Prepare The Land For The Rice Production
To prepare your land for rice production in Nigeria, you should do it from November to February. During this time, there will be less rain in Nigeria so your land should be ready from February when raining season might start approaching. Clear and pack bushes, using a hoe to remove bushes and weeds and to expose the rhizomes of perennial weeds to the heat of the sun.
But if your land is in the Savannah region, your land preparation can start in February.
For those who are using forest areas or new areas; cut and stump big trees and roots before ploughing. After that, disc harrow twice with the first rains from late February to an early March to make good slope if the land is flat. (Plough twice and disc harrow once if land is sloppy.)
Before final harrowing, apply basal fertilizer. Divide the field into plots of 50 or 100m2. And also level the land to reduce erosion.Choose right varieties of rice to plant
Some popular varieties of rice grown in Nigeria are Upland rice, Lowland rice, and Fadama rice. It is important that you manually chose your rice to prevent choosing an unhealthy type.
If you need recommendations on the varieties of rice to plant, then you should visit any International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) nearest to you. They will be glad to help.
Choose The Right Variety Of Rice
There are different varieties of rice and their growth and yield are different as well. Choosing the right variety could help you with a more productive rice harvest.
Plant Your Rice At The Right Time
The planting time for the forest area and the savannah area differs a little.
In the forest area; Plant rice in mid-March to mid-April, after 3 good spots of rain.
In the savannah area; Plant rice in mid-May to Mid-June.
Use Appropriate Method Of Planting
You can either practice direct seeding into the farm or you can first plant it in the nursery then transplant it to the farm.
For direct seeding; This processing is either by broadcasting or dibbling. Start by dividing the field into plots of 50 or 100m2 and then construct small bunds. For your seeding rate; it can be 60 kg/ha by dibbling, 80–100 kg/ha by broadcasting and 50–65 kg/ha by drilling in rows spaced 30 cm apart.
The major problem of this method is weeds. Apply herbicides to control them.
For Nursery rising; put seeds into gunny bags and soaked in water for 24 hours. After soaking, place it under shades still covered in gunny bags. Sprinkle water over seed after intervals and turn with hands about three times in a day for adequate aeration and to avoid heat damage.
After about 36-48 hours, the seeds sprout and are ready for sowing. Then broadcast them in seedbed on a puddle nursery field. Construct drainage canals for proper water removal if need be. Also, add decomposed organic manures and a small amount of inorganic fertilizer as basal dose may also be added to the nursery.
Transplanting of nursery seedlings to farmland; this starts after 21 days. This is done by uprooting the seedlings. Uproot seedlings by holding at the same times between thumb and forefinger at the base of the culms and pull sideways. Transplant 2–3 seedlings per hill. Spacing should be 20 cm between rows and 15–20cm between plants.
Note* (Transplant early maturing varieties 15 cm apart and transplant medium or late maturing varieties 20 cm apart.)
Do not forget to flood the beds while uprooting.
Apply Fertilizer Appropriately
For transplanted seedlings; Apply 200 kg/ha (4 bags) of NPK 15:15:15 carefully puddle in the soil prior to transplanting. Then after transplanting, apply another 100kg (2 bags) of Urea per hectare broadcast at 30 days.
For direct seedlings; Apply 100kg of 15-15-15 per hectare (2 bags/ha) as basal fertilizer, 2–3 weeks after the appearance to facilitate an integration of fertilizer into the soil.
You can also apply 50 kg (one bag) of Urea per hectare—5weeks after sowing. In areas where acidity is high, (do NOT use Sulphate of Ammonia but use other sources of nitrogen e.g. urea.) If you are confused, you can visit any agro store for a better recommendation.
Control Weed On Your Rice Farm
The sooner the first weeding is done the better. The first weeding can and should be done within 2 to 3 weeks after appearance, using hoe instead of a cutlass.
The second weeding should be done 6 to 7 weeks after the appearance. (You can do a weeding a third if you want.)
Chemical control of weed; you can also use chemicals like TamariceTMPL, RonstarTMPL, GramoxeTM or RisaneTMat to control the weed. (Choose the one that you think will work best for you).
Control The Pest In Your Rice Farm
Birds, rodent, termites and armyworm are most times the problems that you might face.
For Birds control; you can scare them away manually by employing people to this from 6 am to 7 pm first two weeks after planting, and from heading to harvesting
For Rodent control; you can kill them with snap traps.
For termites control; destroy all dead woods and plant deposits by burning. And you can also Locate termite mounds and destroy them by spraying Nogos 50 at the rate of 30 ml per 4.51 (one gallon) of water.
For armyworm control; spray Gammalin 20 or Carbaryl (Vetox 85) at the rate of 1.68 kg in 225 liters gallons) of water per hectare.
Harvest Your Rice
You can harvest your rice in the next 4 month when your rice turn from green to brown(straw colour). Thresh carefully immediately after harvest to avoid losses. You can Use wacking frames or mechanical devices. Thresh on a mat or tarpaulin over the concrete floor by beating rice against the floor, or against a stick or drum.
Note 1* Do not thresh on a bare floor. Thresh carefully and avoid dehusking the grains. Damaged grains become stained and coloured after parboiling and milling.
Note 2* After rice harvesting, you should grow leguminous plants like beans, peas, lentils, soya etc and also plow rice residues into the soil; this serve as organic matters and helps in maintaining the soil nutrients for another planting.
Expected Yield Of The Rice Farming
If above steps are followed carefully coupled with enough rainfall, your yield should be an average of 2.5–3.0 t/ha paddy.
Use mechanical dryer if you can. You can also manually dry paddy by spreading them on a clean concrete floor, mat or tarpaulin. 2–3 days of slow sun- dry is enough to reduce breakage during milling but on a sunny day, sun-dry for one day only .
Store your paddy in containers or in jute bags that is dry, rodent-free, airtight condition.
Your rice is not yet ready, it is called paddy rice.
For parboiling; Soak paddy in hot water at 70 degrees for 5 to 6 hours. Remove all floating empty grains. Then parboil rice by steaming soaked paddy put in a jute bag for 10 to 16 minutes . You can stop parboiling when rice husks start to split open. (When you see Chalky grains or white centers it means incomplete parboiling, which may cause breakage of grains during milling.)
For Milling; this can be done in a milling machine.
Rice Production And Packaging In Nigeria
Now your rice is ready. You now have a full modern made in Nigeria rice. Package your rice to your choice and market it and see your income flowing.
Challenges You May Encounter During Rice Farming in Nigeria
As it is in any business, rice farming in Nig9eria comes with its own challenge. Here are some of them;
Land issues; you can rent or buy an adequate portion of land. Make sure you have all the required documents when you buy or rent your lands to avoid any issues,
Fund; some people might be interested in rice farming but don’t have funds to back them up. You can get a loan from the government, any Microfinance banks or cooperative societies. They will be glad to help since this has to do with agriculture.
Names Of Rice Farming Tips On Your Business Plan Writing
For now, this is the list of the states in Nigeria where Rice planting and production is much more (than other states) and the names they call their Nigerian Rice;
UMZA Rice – Kano State
Mas Rice Mill – Gombe State
Mama Happy Rice – Niger State
Labana Rice – Kebbi State
Ebonyi Rice – Ebonyi State
Anambra Rice – Anambra State
Olam Rice – Nasarawa State
Ofada Rice – Ogun State
Igbemo Rice – Ekiti State.
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