Some Diseases And Vaccination / Routine Treatment In Poultry Business
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Introduction To Some Diseases And Vaccination / Routine Treatment In Poultry Business
Disease is the deviation from normal condition to an abnormal condition brought about by the effect of pathogens or nutritional deficiency. Two factors can be responsible for disease outbreak in poultry.
- Lack of adequate food, water or proper hygiene,
- Sudden change in climate.
- Poor management.
- Loss of appetite
- Weakness/ sleepiness
- Droopy feather
- Paleness in appearance
- Loss of the entire condition and weight
- If it happens in egg production birds, there is drastic drop in eggs production.
- Immunization (vaccination of the mother)
- Vacation (introduction of a mild causative agent, into a healthy animal to build up immunity or to act as antibody).
- Feeding (giving the correct food / needs to the animal)
- Adequate hygiene
TYPES OF DISEASES:
- Yolk sac infection
- Fowl cholera
- Lastly, Fowl typhoid
1b. Examples of viral diseases include:
- Fowl pox
1c. Examples of fungi diseases
1d. Examples of protozoa diseases:
intestine so that the begin to pas bloody stool.
- Fowl pox
1f. examples of internal parasites:
- Tape worm (taenia solium)
VACCINATION / ROUTINE TREATMENT
3.13.5 FACTORS CONSIDER IN VACCINATING
- Firstly, do not vaccinate sick animals.
- Secondly, preserve the vaccine in refrigerator or in a cool temperature..
- Do not expose it when you are about using it under the sun (use flask)
- Likewise, do not use concentrated or treated water.
- Give at least two to three weeks interval before the next vaccination.
- Wash and sterilise syringe before usage.
- Also, do not reuse any open vaccine.
- Before you vaccinate, keep the birds off water for at least three hours before the time of vaccination.
- ·Lastly, Burn or bury any unused or left over vaccine
Always give security dosage i.e. a little addition.
- Newcastle disease vaccine. This is intraocular i.e this vaccine is given in the eye.
- Mark disease, this is intramuscular.
Cage System on Perfect Poultry Business Plan & A Feasibility Study In Nigeria
This system involves rearing of poultry on raised wire netting floor in smaller compartments, called cages, either fitted with stands on floor of house or hanged from the roof. It has been proved very efficient for laying operations, right from day-old to till disposal. At present, 75% of commercial layers in the world are kept in cages. Feeders and water trough are attached to cages from outside except nipple water drinker, for which pipeline is installed through or above cages. Auto-operated feeding trolleys and egg collection belts can also be used in this rearing system. The droppings are either collected in trays underneath cages or on belts or on the floor or deep pit under cages, depending on type of cages.
- Minimum floor space is needed
- More number of eggs per hen can be received
- Less feed wastage
- Better feed efficiency
- Protection from internal parasites and soil borne illnesses
- Sick and unproductive birds can be easily identified and eliminated.
- Clean eggs production
- Vices like egg eating, pecking is minimal.
- Broodiness is minimal
- No need of litter material
- Artificial Insemination (AI) can be adopted.
- High initial investment cost.
- Handling of manure may be problem. Generally, flies become a greater nuisance.
The incidence of blood spots in egg is more
Problem of cage layer fatigue. (It is a condition, in which laying birds in cages develop lameness. It may be due to Ca and P deficiency but the exact reason is not known)
In case of broilers, incidence of breast blisters is more, especially when the broilers weight is more than 1.5 kg.
Types of cages
Based on the number of birds in a cage, it is classified as
- Firstly, Single or individual bird cage (Only one bird in a cage)
- Secondly, Multiple bird cage (From 2 to 10 birds, usually 3 or 4 birds per cage)
- Lastly, Colony cages (Holding birds more than 11 per cage)
Based on the number of rows
Based on arrangement of cages
1) Stair-step cages
- a) M-type cages
- b) L-type cages
2) Battery cages (Vertical cages)
Based on the type of bird reared
Brooder / chick cages
- Grower cages
- Layer cages
- Breeder cages
Floor space requirements
Battery cage system For Sale
On Our battery cage specifically, We have for cold galvanized and hot Galvanized
On cold galvanized; we have;
- Height: 84inches (7ft)
- Length: 71inches (actual) including water rubber tank (78 inches) (6.5ft)
- Width: 116inches (2.94m)
- Each cell is 14inches by 16inches.
On Hot Galvanized, we have;
6.56ft long. 6.56ft wide. 5.4ft height
Irrespective of your poultry pen, we can customize our battery cage system to suite your size.
More on Poultry Battery Cage Repairers
Poultry Battery Cages get bad when they are expose to adverse weather condition that causes them to rust. Once they becomes rusted, there is need to replace them. If not, your cages may begin to breakdown. Our technicians are well trained to handle sure task. Contact us right away to help you out.
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